MEXICO CITY -- President Barack Obama on Friday delivered an impassioned appeal to change U.S. immigration rules, so "immigrants get on the right side of the law."
Speaking in the plaza of a museum holding Mexico's most treasured archaeological relics, Mr. Obama hailed the contributions of Mexican immigrants to the United States and acknowledged that the strong support of Hispanics helped lift him to the presidency.
He called for a "well-regulated border," but said the best way to combat illegal immigration "is a growing, prosperous Mexico that creates more jobs and opportunity right here."
He lamented the current U.S. immigration system, saying it doesn't represent U.S. values. "It separates families when we should be reuniting them. It's led millions of people to live in the shadows," he said, as he prepared to depart for Costa Rica, the last stop on his three-day trip.
People of Mexican heritage residing in the United States number about 34 million, comprising some 11 percent of the population. Millions of Mexicans reside without proper documentation, although the net flow of Mexican migrants toward the United States is believed to have slowed, or even stopped.
More than 1,000 well-dressed children from private, English-speaking schools and wealthy business executives sat in the audience at the National Museum of Anthropology, a group that looked very little like the street vendors and others walking outside the heavily guarded site in the capital.
Mr. Obama hailed the transformation of Mexico's economy, saying it had lifted millions from poverty. "A new Mexico is emerging," he said, one that is "a global leader in automobiles and appliances and electronics." Young Mexicans are empowered by technology, he said, adding, "I see some of you tweeting right now."
The crowd reacted warmly, giving ovations at Mr. Obama's attempts to speak Spanish and when he mentioned his daughter's progress in learning the language.
As he did on his arrival Thursday, Mr. Obama largely stayed away from the issue of public security. More than 60,000 Mexicans have been slain since 2006, when criminal gangs unleashed unremitting bloodshed that has only stabilized in the past year or so.
The demand for narcotics in the United States is the root cause of much of the violence, Mr. Obama said. "I do not believe that legalizing drugs is the answer," he added.
Calling on a theme from his meeting with President Enrique Pena Nieto a day earlier, Mr. Obama suggested that the two nations can "do more to expand the trade and commerce that creates good jobs," and he called for U.S. and Mexican companies to collaborate with greater intensity.
He said a new U.S.-Mexican partnership in higher education could bring thousands of students to cross the border in both directions for university training. "When we study together," he said, "we prosper together."