The glass art designed by Chihuly, whose work graces the Phipps in Oakland, gets its own exhibit space in Seattle's Chihuly Garden and Glass
February 10, 2013 10:00 AM
Chihuly Garden and Glass
The Collections Cafe at Chihuly Garden and Glass features the artist's work and things he has collected over the years, like the accordions hanging from the ceiling.
Dale Chihuly signs his name at the center's opening.
Chihuly Garden and Glass opened under the Space Needle. The work "Pacific Sun" sits in front of The Glasshouse (at left).
By Rob Owen Pittsburgh Post-Gazette
SEATTLE -- Pittsburghers may best know glass artist Dale Chihuly from a display of his work at Phipps Conservatory in 2007-08. A $1.2 million permanent collection of more than two dozen of his pieces remains at Phipps, including the dazzling yellow chandelier in the welcome center.
Now it's possible to see more of his glass art in a similar setting at Chihuly Garden and Glass, an exhibit that opened last year with a 30-year lease on space beneath the famed Space Needle.
Chihuly Garden and Glass
Where: In the shadow of the Space Needle at Seattle Center, 305 Harrison St. Seattle, WA 98109.
When: Hours vary by season; check the website.
Cost: $19 regular admission, $17 seniors, $12 ages 4-12, free for 3 and under. Package deals with a visit to the top of the Space Needle are also available.
Mr. Chihuly, who grew up in nearby Tacoma, can recall when the Space Needle opened for the 1962 World's Fair. The Needle is owned by the Wright family, which asked Mr. Chihuly to exhibit his work on a 1.5-acre plot that includes a refurbished building that previously housed an amusement park pavilion.
In addition to an exhibition hall with eight galleries, Chihuly Garden and Glass also features a 40-foot-tall glass and steel structure inspired by two of Mr. Chihuly's favorite buildings, Sainte-Chapelle in Paris and the Crystal Palace in London.
The Glasshouse, which received LEED Silver certification last year, also brings to mind a conservatory, a notion cemented by the outdoor gardens that surround it. Mr. Chihuly's artwork fills the gardens and seems to fit into the space as if the pieces had been there all along.
"I think of my work as being pretty natural itself and organic, not everything but most of it," he said in a recent phone interview. "And it just works very well in nature. I've even said at times that I'd like people when they come upon my work in nature that they might not even know it's man-made."
Mr. Chihuly said he first experienced his glass art in a natural setting at Haystack Mountain School of Crafts in Deer Island, Maine, when he taught glassblowing in the late 1960s.
"We took the glass out and put it in moss and lichen," he said. "Then a couple of years later when we started Pilchuck Glass School [in Stanwood, Wash.], I made a piece that would float in the pond."
The 71-year-old artist studied interior design at the University of Washington, graduating in 1965. He later received degrees in sculpture and fine arts and studied glass on a Fulbright Fellowship in Europe. He was injured in a car accident in England in 1976 and lost sight in his left eye. A few years later he dislocated his shoulder in a bodysurfing accident, making it difficult to blow glass. At that point he transitioned to director, supervising others in his studio.
Mr. Chihuly's Phipps installation came seven years after he began working with conservatories to display his artwork.
"Around 2000 I did my first big conservatory show at Garfield Park [Conservatory] in Chicago," he recalled. "I always wanted to work in conservatories or glass houses but it's expensive to do an exhibition of mine and conservatories didn't have a budget to do a show. ... After that, different botanical gardens got a hold of me and in most cases it helped their attendance a lot to have a show of mine."
And Phipps gets a nod at Chihuly Garden and Glass with a black-and-white photo of the conservatory on a wall of photos of Mr. Chihuly's favorite glasshouses from around the world. Chihuly Garden and Glass includes many pieces similar to those exhibited at Phipps.
"We have a lavender suite of reeds and also a float boat, similar pieces here to what we did at Phipps," he said. "And we have a Macchia Forest, and I think we had one of those at Phipps as well."
Locator map: Dale Chihuly Garden and Glass Museum (Click image for larger version)
Mr. Chihuly's work runs the gamut from steely reeds in bold, brilliant colors to the bowl-like shapes in his Macchia Forest that bring sea creatures to mind. Chihuly Garden and Glass includes some of his elaborate glass chandeliers and a Mille Fiori installation that resembles an indoor garden of glass.
But it's the outdoor garden that's sure to change as plantings grow up and around Mr. Chihuly's art. Michelle Bufano, executive director of Chihuly Garden and Glass, said about 22,000 bulbs were planted in the garden this past fall.
"We do work on it on an ongoing basis with Dale and his studio to make sure the dialogue continues between the art and the plants," she said. "We continue to make changes and revise it as the garden starts to grow up."
Mr. Chihuly seemed pleased with the variable nature of the outdoor garden.
"A year from now it's going to look a lot different," he said. "We'll have to decide how much we'll cut back or what else we want to add. It's a little bit of a work in progress."
In addition to examples of Mr. Chihuly's art, the pavilion includes the Collections Cafe, a restaurant that houses some of the many items Mr. Chihuly has accumulated over the years. Vintage accordions hang from the ceiling, dozens of bottle openers are displayed in a glass case, and each table stores a collection beneath its glass top, from clocks to string holders.
"I'm probably somewhat of a hoarder, I suppose," Mr. Chihuly said. "I have 850 Pendleton blankets if that gives you any idea, and 500 accordions."