For the Mideast peace process to succeed, what does Israel have to do? By my understanding, these are the Palestinian Authority’s demands:
1. Complete withdrawal to the pre-1967 borders. Israel must relinquish the entire old city of East Jerusalem, including the Jewish quarter and the Western Wall, the holiest shrine in all of Judaism.
2. Unlimited right of return for Arab refugees of the 1948 war and their descendants — 3.8 million U.N. registered refugees and 1.5 million unregistered by one source. Might that eventually produce an Arab majority in Israel and an end to any Jewish state?
3. Complete withdrawal of all Israeli security forces from the Jordan valley.
4. Release of the last of the 104 prisoners, most of whom were serving life sentences for murder and some of whom are Israeli citizens.
5. As of this week, release of 1,200 more prisoners and an end to the blockade of Gaza, notwithstanding the almost daily rocket launches into Israel. Absent the blockade, does anyone think the major Israeli population centers would not be rubble and ashes as longer-range and more lethal Iranian missiles get shipped in?
From Israel’s point of view these are painful, highly dangerous, conceivably suicidal physical steps leading to a sea change in its demographics and security status. (Historically, land for peace has not worked out for Israel, e.g., the Sinai, southern Lebanon, Gaza).
So other than verbiage in English that the West wants to hear, what does Israel get and what are the guarantees? What is the Palestinian Authority promising its citizens in Arabic and what things do they have to change?