The U.S. Senate is the most undemocratic legislative body in the world, and one of the most dysfunctional. What can be done?
A strictly representative Senate would result in one senator representing multiple states, probably not acceptable. The states could be divided into cohorts depending on population. A two-cohort system with one senator for the smaller states and two for the larger would give 75 senators. A three-cohort system of one for the 16 smallest states, two for the 17 medium-sized states and three for the 17 largest states would give 99 senators, close to the present number. A four-cohort system would give 123 senators. This system would still result in the smaller states being overrepresented and the larger ones underrepresented, but it would be a step in the right direction.
Although a constitutional amendment would be required to change the composition of the Senate, something has to be done. The present Senate is undemocratic, unrepresentative and a standing joke. It is also an embarrassment to the rest of the world. How can the United States preach democracy with the most unrepresentative legislature in the world?