KIEV, Ukraine — Ukrainian President Petro Poroshenko said Friday that Ukrainian forces had attacked and destroyed part of a column of Russian military vehicles on Ukrainian territory — a step that, if confirmed, would represent a significant escalation of hostilities between Ukraine and Russia.
Mr. Poroshenko told British Prime Minister David Cameron that “the majority” of a column of Russian military vehicles “had been destroyed by the Ukrainian artillery at night,” his office said in a statement. The announcement came as NATO Secretary-General Anders Fogh Rasmussen said Friday that the defense alliance had seen an “incursion” into Ukraine the previous night.
The Kremlin denied Friday that there had been a border incursion, and a Russian military spokesman said no Russian vehicles had been destroyed.
Kiev has claimed for months that Russia has been sending a stream of heavy weaponry to pro-Russian rebels who have seized territory in eastern Ukraine, but the encounter Thursday appeared to be the first time that Western reporters had actually witnessed a military incursion. And unlike other rebel-held military vehicles, which have been stripped of markings, the armored personnel carriers seen crossing the border bore full Russian identification, including license plates, according to journalists with Britain’s Guardian and Telegraph newspapers, who said they saw the vehicles cross the border.
Mr. Poroshenko said Ukrainian forces had engaged the same Russian column of vehicles that the journalists had witnessed entering Ukraine. It was not immediately clear how he knew that it was the same cluster of vehicles, and neither his account nor that of the British journalists could be independently confirmed.
The apparent head-to-head military engagement would mean that Ukrainian and Russian forces had directly engaged in combat on Ukrainian soil.
The combat came as Ukrainian border guards prepared Friday to inspect a vast convoy of Russian humanitarian aid bound for war-torn eastern Ukraine. The compromise deal to allow the Ukrainian officials to inspect the vehicles on Russian soil initially will enable the trucks to cross straight into rebel-held territory near the besieged city of Luhansk. The convoy of 262 Russian vehicles had driven close to a rebel-held border checkpoint a day earlier.
But the humanitarian aid also appeared to be a source of tension Friday, as the Russian Foreign Ministry warned that it had received reports that Ukrainian forces planned to target its aid trucks once they entered Ukrainian territory.
“There are forces that are not simply bent on depriving the population of southeastern Ukraine of much-needed aid now, but also on carrying out an open provocation,” the Foreign Ministry said in a statement. It said it had “received reports of direct threats to use force against our convoys,” saying a pro-Kiev volunteer battalion planned to mine stretches of the road that runs between the Russian border and the rebel-held city of Luhansk, the aid convoy’s final destination. “Those who harbor such criminal plans are taking on a huge responsibility for the consequences,” the statement said.
Rebels control most of the territory between the border crossing and Luhansk, but the Ukrainian military said Thursday that it had retaken a key town abutting the main transit highway in the area.
The Ukrainian military said Friday that a team of 59 border and customs officials had traveled to the Russian side of the border crossing to prepare for screening the trucks, which the Russian government has said carry nearly 2,000 tons of aid intended for civilians in Luhansk. Residents there have been without water or electricity for nearly two weeks. “Help is needed, and we will do everything to make it possible,” Ukrainian military spokesman Andriy Lysenko told a briefing in Kiev.
But the convoy appears to face numerous bureaucratic hurdles before it can actually reach its destination. The International Committee of the Red Cross is supposed to distribute the aid, but Russian authorities still have not provided a detailed description of what had been sent, ICRC spokesman Andre Loersch said Friday. That makes it impossible for the group to plan the logistics of distributing it, he said. Nor did his group have security guarantees from the rebels, a necessary step before entering a zone where there is intense fighting.
“It will take time, and it’s a big challenge,” Mr. Loersch said, adding that it could be weeks before the aid actually makes it to Luhansk. Red Cross officials there have said the Russian trucks must deposit their cargoes in a central location and then immediately return to Russia via the same route.
Heavy fighting continued Friday inside the rebel stronghold city of Donetsk and near the second stronghold of Luhansk, witnesses and Mr. Lysenko, the military spokesman, said. Donetsk city authorities said Friday that 11 civilians were killed in heavy shelling over the previous day. Mr. Lysenko said five Ukrainian troops were also killed.
With the Russian vehicles poised to enter Luhansk, it seemed clear that the Ukrainian forces would be unable to continue combat operations in the area at a pace similar to their tempo in recent days. The aid trucks are painted white but have Russian military license plates; if one were hit by Ukrainian forces, it could set off a Russian invasion.
Mr. Lysenko declined to comment on how the convoy would affect combat on the ground, though he said final preparations have been made to retake both cities. He said decisions about how the aid is distributed would be up to the Red Cross.Russia - Eastern Europe - Europe - David Cameron - Ukraine - Russia government - Red Cross and Red Crescent - Kiev - Ukraine government - Russian armed forces - Donetsk - Anders Fogh Rasmussen - Petro Poroshenko