Iran mother recalls act of mercy for son's killer

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ROYAN, Iran -- Her son's killer stood on a chair on the gallows, his hands shackled, the noose around his neck. Hundreds crowded outside the jailhouse in a northern Iranian town to see if the mother, Samereh Alinejad, would exercise her right to kick the chair out from under him to let him hang.

But after seven years of dreaming of revenge -- up to the last moment she held the killer's life in her hands -- Ms. Alinejad pardoned Bilal Gheisari. That act has made her a hero in her hometown, Royan, on the shores of the Caspian Sea, where banners in the streets commend her family's mercy. Two weeks after the dramatic scene at the gallows, well-wishers still pass by her home to praise her and her husband

Ms. Alinejad said in an interview that retribution had been her only thought ever since her son Abdollah, 17, was killed seven years ago in a street brawl when Gheisari's knife sliced through his neck. "My world collapsed the day I heard about my son's death," she said, dressed in a black with a black scarf covering her hair. "If I pardoned Bilal and saved him from death, how would I be able to live anymore?"

The thought of Gheisari's family's happiness at his eventually walking out of jail a free man ate her up inside. "I told my husband if he were spared death, I would die," she said.

Families of murder victims in Iran and some other Muslim countries are often faced with the final decision of whether convicted killers live or die. The Islamic law concept of "qisas" -- an "eye for an eye" provision -- gives them the chance to oversee the killer's execution. They also have the option to have mercy -- often in return for blood-money payments of $35,000 or more. Forgoing qisas is seen as an act of charity and a chance to atone for one's sins. In standard murder cases in Iran, it is a choice left up to victim's family, not the government.

Abdolghani Hosseinzadeh, the murdered teen's father, was something of a local celebrity as a well-known former soccer player who now coaches children in the game. Both his son and his son's killer, who was a couple of years older, trained at the Derakhshan Soccer School where he teaches.

Leading up to the day of execution, neighbors, activists and even a popular TV program had appealed to the couple to spare Gheisari. None of the appeals seemed to work.

Deepening the family's sense of loss, their other son, Amir, died years earlier in an accident when his bicycle was hit by a motorcycle -- and Gheisari was one of two boys on the cycle.

On April 15, Ms. Alinejad walked slowly toward the gallows, with Gheisari's family among the crowd of onlookers. A blindfolded Gheisari, weeping, begged her one last time. "Forgive me, Aunt Maryam," he pleaded, addressing her by her nickname in the community. "Show your mercy."

Ms. Alinejad moved face to face with Gheisari. "Did you have mercy on us? Did you show mercy to my son?" she demanded. "You have taken happiness away from us. Why should I have mercy toward you?"

She stared angrily him, then slapped him across the face. She and her husband slipped the noose off his neck, and, with that move, Gheisari's death sentence had been commuted.

Some in the crowd applauded. Others stood silently shocked.

Gheisari's sentence was changed to 12 years in prison, half of which he has served already.

Ms. Alinejad and her husband, who have a young daughter, have refused blood money that benefactors had collected on Gheisari's behalf, proposing that it go instead to charity and improving local soccer schools.


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