Obama signs expanded Violence Against Women Act

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WASHINGTON -- President Barack Obama on Thursday signed into law expanded protections for domestic violence victims, renewing a measure credited with curbing attacks against women a year and a half after it lapsed amid partisan bickering.

The revitalized Violence Against Women Act also marked an important win for gay rights advocates and Native Americans, who will see new protections, and for Mr. Obama, whose attempts to push for a renewal failed last year after becoming entangled in gender politics and the election.

"This is your day. This is the day of the advocates, the day of the survivors. This is your victory," he said. "This victory shows that when the American people make their voices heard, Washington listens."

As Mr. Obama prepared to put his pen to the new law, new government data underscored both progress that has been made and the enduring need to do more.

The rate of sexual violence against women and girls age 12 or older fell 64 percent in a decade and has remained stable for five years, the Justice Department said in a survey released Thursday. In 2010, women and girls nationwide experienced about 270,000 rapes or sexual assaults, compared with 556,000 in 1995.

The survey also showed that rapes and sexual assault rates involving women have plateaued, while violent crime rates overall have declined. Women's advocacy groups called the report proof that the Violence Against Women Act and heightened police awareness have had positive effects.

Still, 1 in 5 women will be raped during their lifetime, said Mr. Obama, asserting a continued need for action nearly two decades after the bill's original passage in 1994. "It didn't just change the rules, it changed our culture. It empowered people to start speaking out," he said.

The law authorizes some $659 million a year over five years for programs that strengthen the criminal justice system's response to crimes against women and some men, such as transitional housing, legal assistance, law enforcement training and hotlines. One element of this year's renewal focuses on ways to reduce sexual assault on college campuses. It also reauthorizes the Trafficking Victims Protection Act, adds stalking to the list of crimes that make immigrants eligible for protection and authorizes programs to reduce the backlog in rape investigations.

nation


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