TRIPOLI, Libya -- The abduction was brief but still audacious: Gunmen from one of Libya's many militias stormed a hotel where the prime minister has a residence and held him for several hours Thursday -- apparently in retaliation for his government's alleged collusion with the United States in a raid last weekend that captured an al-Qaida suspect.
The brazen seizure of Prime Minister Ali Zidan heightened the alarm over the power of unruly militias that virtually hold the weak central government hostage. Many militias include Islamic militants and have ideologies similar to al-Qaida's. The armed bands regularly use violence to intimidate officials to sway policies, gunning down security officials and kidnapping their relatives.
At the same time, the state relies on militias to act as security forces, since police and the military remain in disarray after dictator Moammar Gadhafi was overthrown and killed in 2011. The militias are rooted in the brigades that fought in the uprising and are often referred to as "revolutionaries." Many militias are paid by the Defense or Interior ministries -- which are in charge of the military and police, respectively -- although the ministries are still unable to control them.
Not only was Mr. Zidan abducted by militiamen who officially work in a state body, but other militias effected his rescue, storming the site where he was held in Tripoli, the capital.
"The abduction is like the shock that awakened Libyans. Facts on the ground now are clearer than never before: Libya is ruled by militias," prominent rights campaigner Hassan al-Amin said.
Mr. Zidan's abduction came before dawn Thursday, when about 150 gunmen in pickup trucks stormed the luxury Corinthia Hotel in downtown Tripoli, witnesses said. They swarmed into the hobby, and some charged up to Mr. Zidan's residence on the 21st floor.
The gunmen scuffled with Mr. Zidan's guards before they seized him and led him out around 5:15 a.m., said the witnesses, speaking on condition of anonymity because they feared for their own safety. They said Mr. Zidan offered no resistance.
In the afternoon, government spokesman Mohammed Kaabar told the LANA news agency that Mr. Zidan had been "set free." An Interior Ministry-affiliated militia commander said his fighters, along with armed groups from two Tripoli districts, Souq Jomaa and Tajoura, stormed the house where Mr. Zidan was being held, exchanged fire with his captors and rescued him.
"He is now safe in a safe place," Haitham al-Tajouri, commander of the Reinforcement Force, said in an Al-Ahrar TV interview.
Mr. Zidan later appeared at a Cabinet session broadcast live. He thanked those who helped free him but gave no details and avoided blaming those behind the abduction. "We hope this matter will be treated with wisdom and rationality, far from tension," he said. "There are many things that need dealing with."
The abduction was carried out by two state-affiliated militia groups, the Revolutionaries Operation Room and the Anti-Crime Department. They put out statements saying they had "arrested" Mr. Zidan on accusations of harming state security and corruption. The public prosecutor's office said it had issued no such warrant.
The abduction motive was not immediately known, but it came after many militias and Islamic militants expressed outrage over the U.S. Delta Force raid Saturday that seized al-Qaida suspect Nazih Abdul-Hamed al-Ruqai, known by his alias, Abu Anas al-Libi, from the street outside his home in Tripoli.
Mr. Ruqai is alleged to be a senior al-Qaida member and is wanted by the United States in connection with the 1998 bombings of its embassies in Tanzania and Kenya, with a $5 million bounty on his head. U.S. officials say he is now being held on an U.S. warship.
Several militia groups angrily accused Mr. Zidan's government of colluding with the United States and allowing foreigners to seize a Libyan on its own soil. But the Libyan government said the Delta Force raid happened without its knowledge. Still, its response has been mild: It asked Washington for "clarifications" about the raid.
Some militiamen are convinced that Mr. Zidan allowed Mr. Ruqai's seizure. "I can't imagine why everyone is standing by Zidan, who is a traitor who handed a Libyan civilian over to the Americans," said Jamal al-Haji, who belongs to a militia-linked group in Tripoli.
First Published October 10, 2013 8:00 PM