JERUSALEM -- The Obama administration is exploring whether a long-abandoned initiative proposed by Saudi Arabia 11 years ago could become the basis for a regional peace agreement between Israel and its neighbors, according to Israeli and Palestinian officials.
With U.S. Secretary of State John Kerry due to arrive in the region over the weekend, Palestinian President Mahmoud Abbas has been conferring with other Arab leaders on the viability of the plan, which calls for a normalization of relations between Israel and all the Arab states in exchange for the establishment of a sovereign Palestinian state.
Israeli and Palestinian officials confirmed in interviews that President Barack Obama raised the possibility of using the Arab Peace Initiative, as the plan was known, as a framework for an agreement when he was in the region last month. "It was raised directly by Obama during his visit and during his closed-door discussion with the Palestinian leadership," said a senior Palestinian official directly involved in the talks. "It was made clear to the Palestinian leadership that this would be the new direction of U.S. diplomacy in the region."
The official said White House officials laid the groundwork for renewal of the Arab peace initiative two weeks before Mr. Obama's visit to Israel and the West Bank when they spoke with Palestinian negotiators in Washington. "They were told then that this would be the focus, and that it had great potential," said the Palestinian official, who asked not to be further identified because of the talks' sensitivity.
He said Mr. Obama, Mr. Kerry, Mr. Abbas and Palestinian negotiators Mohammed Shtayeh and Saeb Erekat discussed the topic for several hours during the president's visit to Ramallah, where the Palestinian Authority has its headquarters. "He asked us during that time not to take any unilateral steps in the U.N. or moves that would anger Israel," the Palestinian official said, referring to Mr. Obama. He added that it was his understanding that Israel had agreed not to announce any new settlement construction projects for eight weeks. "Kerry asked for a quiet time to give the new diplomacy a chance," the official said.
The State Department is keeping quiet on precisely what Mr. Kerry will discuss with the warring parties when he arrives in Israel and the West Bank for a two-day visit, which begins Sunday and will include time in Jerusalem and Ramallah before Mr. Kerry travels to London for the G-8 summit, and then on to China, South Korea and Japan.
State Department spokeswoman Victoria Nuland insisted at a briefing for reporters this week that the secretary's frequent travel to the Middle East -- this will be his third trip in less than a month -- wasn't a sign of new shuttle diplomacy, but rather his own communications style, and she played down the significance of Mr. Kerry's visit, reiterating that he wasn't going to be "putting down a plan."
Adding to speculation that the Obama administration is pressing ahead on a Middle East peace effort is a series of White House visits over the next month by key regional leaders, including the crown prince of the United Arab Emirates, the emir of Qatar, the king of Jordan and the president of Turkey. All of those countries are deeply involved in the civil war in Syria, but White House press secretary Jay Carney said Friday that Mr. Obama would use the visits to "discuss the complex developments in the broader Middle East, so not just Syria, but including Syria." He said the leaders also would talk about Mr. Obama's trip last month to the Middle East, as well as "broader developments in the Arab spring."