MARJAH, Afghanistan -- After a fierce gunfight, U.S. Marines seized a strongly defended compound Friday that appears to have been a Taliban headquarters -- complete with photos of fighters posing with their weapons, dozens of Taliban-issued ID cards and graduation diplomas from a training camp in Pakistan.
Insurgents who had been using the field office just south of Marjah's town center abandoned it by the end of the day's fighting, as Marines converged on them from all sides, escalating operations to break resistance in this Taliban stronghold in southern Helmand province.
Marines from Lima Company, 3rd Battalion, 6th Marines fought their way south from the town center Friday after residents told them that several dozen insurgent fighters had regrouped in the area. All day, small groups of Taliban marksmen tried to slow the Marine advance with rifle fire as they slowly fell back in the face of the assault.
"They know that they are outnumbered, ... and that in the end they don't have the firepower to compete with us conventionally," said Capt. Joshua Winfrey of Tulsa, Okla., Lima Company's commander.
As the Marines advanced, they found rows of abandoned bunkers dug alongside an irrigation canal the Taliban had used to fire on them the day before. Located at a crossroads, the five abandoned bunkers, camouflaged under a layer of mud, looked out across an open field. Nearby, large stones had been set up to help the Taliban sight in on their targets.
Just behind the bunkers, the Marines found a compound surrounded by a mud-brick wall, typical of family homes in the town. But inside the compound, where a few chickens still wandered, Marines uncovered dozens of Taliban-issued ID cards, official Taliban letterhead stationery and government stamps.
They also found graduation diplomas from an insurgent training camp in Baluchistan, a southern Pakistan region that borders Helmand province, along with photos of fighters posing with AK-47 assault rifles.
The insurgents had fled with their weapons and ammunition. The Marines said they had come under fire all day but never saw any of the gunmen, who retreated to resume hit-and-run tactics using snipers and small gun squads to harass Marine lines.
Lima Company's advance was part of a move by several Marine companies to converge on a pocket of Taliban fighters from four directions. The Marines believe that they've cornered what appears to be a significant Taliban fighting force. "It seems that it's their last stand," Capt. Winfrey said.
NATO said one service member died Friday in a small-arms attack, but did not identify the victim by nationality. Six coalition troops were killed Thursday, NATO said, making it the deadliest day since the offensive began Feb. 13.
The death toll for the operation stands at 12 NATO troops and one Afghan soldier. Britain's Defense Ministry said three British soldiers were among those killed Thursday.
No precise figures on Taliban deaths have been released, but senior Marine officers say intelligence reports suggest that more than 120 have died. The officers spoke on condition of anonymity because they were not authorized to release the information.
The Marjah offensive is the biggest since the 2001 U.S.-led invasion of Afghanistan and a test of President Barack Obama's strategy for reversing the rise of the Taliban while protecting civilians.
Marjah, 360 miles southwest of Kabul, has an estimated population of 80,000 and had been under Taliban control for years.
Before dawn today, about two dozen elite Marines were dropped by helicopter into an area where skilled Taliban marksmen were known to operate, an officer said, speaking on condition of anonymity because of security concerns.
A NATO statement said troops were still meeting "some resistance" from insurgents and homemade bombs remain the key threat.
At a briefing in London, Maj. Gen. Gordon Messenger said the militant holdouts don't threaten the overall offensive but will take time to clear out. "The levels of resistance in these areas has increased, but not beyond expectation. We expected after the enemy had time to catch its breath, they would up the level of resistance, and that's happened," he said.
As U.S. and Afghan troops moved south Friday, they continued to sweep through houses, searching for bombs and questioning residents.
One man came forward and revealed a Taliban position a mile away. The man, who was not identified for security reasons, said he was angry because insurgents had earlier taken over his home. He gave U.S. forces detailed information, saying more than a dozen Taliban fighters were waiting to ambush troops there. The position was rigged with dozens of homemade bombs and booby-traps, he said.
Outside of Marjah, U.S. and Afghan troops, backed by Stryker infantry vehicles, pushed into a section of mud-walled compounds that had been occupied by the Taliban in the Badula Qulp region, northeast of town.
Hit with small-arms fire, the troops retaliated with machine guns and fired off a missile at a house where insurgents were believed to be hiding, and the militants quickly withdrew.