Many providers who did not participate in the state's Sanctuary Model program worked to reduce restraints on their own. Some declined to release numbers to the Post-Gazette. Others reported varying results.
Restraints at The Summit Academy, a facility for juvenile delinquents in Herman, fell from 91 in 2008 to 19 last year, said Joe Daugerdas, former executive director of the program.
Restraints at Bethesda Children's Home, a facility in Meadville, declined from 194 in 2009 to 134 in 2010, with 30 so far this year, according to facility data.
Restraints at Adelphoi Village, which runs several facilities in the region, stayed roughly the same, with 35 in May 2009 and 33 in May 2011, said Chief Operating Officer Mike McCalpin.
The organization is now seeking Sanctuary certification, Mr. McCalpin said.
"We're hoping...that I can give you better numbers," he said.
-- Vivian Nereim