Eileen Brennan, a smoky-voiced actress who had worked in show business for more than 20 years before gaining her widest attention as a gleefully tough Army captain in both the film and television versions of "Private Benjamin," died July 28 at her home in Burbank, Calif. She was 80.
Her manager, Kim Vasilakis, confirmed the death, saying the cause was bladder cancer.
Ms. Brennan had had a solid career on the New York City stage and in films like "The Last Picture Show" and "The Sting" when she was cast for the film "Private Benjamin," a 1980 box-office hit starring Goldie Hawn in the title role.
Ms. Brennan played Capt. Doreen Lewis, the slow-burning commanding officer of a pampered, privileged young woman who joins the Army and finds that she isn't anybody's little princess anymore. The performance brought Ms. Brennan an Academy Award nomination for best supporting actress. She reprised the role in 1981 in a CBS sitcom based on the film, with Lorna Patterson in the Goldie Hawn role. The TV performance brought Ms. Brennan the Emmy Award for best supporting actress in a comedy, variety or music series.
But she was forced to leave "Private Benjamin" when she was hit by a car and critically injured in Venice, Calif. Without her, the series died in 1983.
While recovering, Ms. Brennan became addicted to pain medication and underwent treatment and later developed breast cancer.
She returned to television in 1985 in a new sitcom, "Off the Rack," with Edward Asner, but the show lasted only six weeks. Afterward, she made guest appearances on other shows but never recaptured the attention she had known in the past -- as the toast of off-Broadway in "Little Mary Sunshine," as a film actress in the 1970s, and as an honored comedy star just before her accident.
Verla Eileen Regina Brennen was born on Sept. 3, 1932, and grew up in Los Angeles, the daughter of a newspaper reporter who also worked in sales and a former actress. Later in life, dealing with her own alcohol dependency, she talked about the alcoholism in her family when she was a child.
After attending Georgetown University in Washington, she studied acting at the American Academy of Dramatic Arts in New York, performed summer stock and worked as a singing waitress.
Her first big role was the title character in Rick Besoyan's "Little Mary Sunshine," a 1959 parody of operettas. She won an Obie Award for her portrayal of the show's spunky, fluttery-eyed heroine.
A year later she complained to The New York Times that she had been "hopelessly typecast as that kookie girl."
Perhaps to prove otherwise, she promptly starred in the national tour of "The Miracle Worker," as Helen Keller's gravely serious teacher, Annie Sullivan.
In 1963, Ms. Brennan earned positive reviews as Anna in a City Center revival of "The King and I." In 1964, she was cast as Irene Molloy, the young widow, in the original Broadway production of "Hello, Dolly!," with Carol Channing.
Among later stage performances, she appeared in John Ford Noonan's "A Coupla White Chicks Sitting Around Talking," a critically praised 1980 two-woman show with Susan Sarandon, and Martin McDonagh's dark comedy "The Cripple of Inishmaan" (1998), in which she played an alcoholic Irishwoman.
Ms. Brennan made her television debut in "The Star Wagon," a 1966 PBS special, based on Maxwell Anderson's play about a man who invented a time machine.
Her film debut came a year later, in "Divorce American Style," a comedy starring Debbie Reynolds and Dick Van Dyke.