Malaysia plane hunt focuses on report of a signal

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BEIJING -- A Chinese naval ship searching for the missing Malaysian airliner has picked up an audio pulse in the Indian Ocean at the same frequency emitted by the plane's emergency location beacons, Chinese media reported Saturday, but it has not been established whether the signal is connected to the plane.

Malaysian and Australian authorities leading the search for the plane have not commented on the reports, and experts said the information needed to be corroborated before declaring a major breakthrough. But the news injected some hope into the search efforts, coming at the time when the batteries on those location beacons could expire at any moment.

China's state-run Xinhua news agency, which has a reporter aboard the Haixun 01 ship, reported that a black box locator heard the signal Saturday at around 25 degrees south latitude and 101 degrees east longitude -- broadly in the same area where the search effort has been concentrated in recent weeks, in the Indian Ocean around 1,000 miles northwest of the Australian city of Perth.

The signal was measured at a frequency of 37.5 kilohertz and was repeating at one-second intervals, Xinhua reported.

Anish Patel, president of Florida-based pinger manufacturer Dukane Seacom, told CNN that was the correct frequency for the two emergency location beacons that are built into the plane's black box flight data recorder and its cockpit voice recorder. He added that it was not a frequency that "readily occurs in nature."

"The reason it was chosen was to give that standout quality that does not get interfered with by the background noise that readily occurs in the ocean," he said.

Still, Mr. Patel said that the news should be treated with skepticism until it can be corroborated, and that the ship should have picked up two signals from the two beacons, if they are still close to each other and weren't damaged by the crash.

"There could be a host of reasons they are not picking up two signals, but that is one of the initial questions I'd ask -- we should be picking up two signals."

A crew member onboard the Haixun 01 told China's Xinmin Evening News newspaper that the pulse was consistent with a sample they had been given by Boeing, the missing plane's manufacturer.

China Central Television reported that crew members had first heard the signal Friday, but for only 10 minutes, and that they had not been able to record it during that time. The ship searched the same area for five hours Saturday without any luck before hearing the signal again for around 90 seconds, around two nautical miles away from the first location, CCTV reported.

David Gallo of the Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution said the location where the signal was heard is close to an undersea feature called the East Indiaman Ridge, named after sailing ships of the British East India Company. He added that the average depth of the ocean there was around 13,000 feet.

If the signal is shown to have come from the plane, it should be feasible to locate the plane on the ocean floor in that area, he said, given the right team, with the right technology, and given time and luck.

"There's nothing unusual about the seafloor in the area of interest, and working this type of terrain at that depth is routine for ocean scientists," he said. "That doesn't mean it's easy."

Aviation expert Richard Aboulafia of the Teal Group in Fairfax, Va., called it "potentially good news" but warned that, even if the flight data recorder and cockpit data recorder are found, they might not contain all the information needed to unravel the mystery. The cockpit recorder, for example, keeps only the last two hours of audio, which "could be two hours of silence," he said.

An Australian and a British ship began listening for the pings from the location beacons on Friday, and will soon be joined by a British nuclear submarine with sonar capabilities.

Up to 10 military planes, three civilian jets and nine other ships took part in the search Saturday, in a 88,000-square-mile patch of ocean more than 1,000 miles northwest of Perth, the Australian agency coordinating the search said.

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