VATICAN CITY -- Pope Francis named the initial members of a commission to advise him on sex abuse policy Saturday, signaling an openness to reach beyond church officials to plot the commission's course and priorities.
Half of the members are women, and one was assaulted by a priest as a child.
The eight members were announced after Pope Francis came under fire from victims' groups for a perceived lack of attention to the abuse scandal, which has seriously damaged the Roman Catholic Church's reputation around the world and cost dioceses and religious orders billions of dollars in legal fees and settlements.
The Vatican in December announced that Pope Francis would create the commission to advise the church on best policies to protect children, train church personnel and keep abusers out of the clergy. But no details had been released until Saturday and it remains unknown if the commission will deal with the critical issue of disciplining bishops who cover up for abusers.
In a statement, the Vatican hinted that it might, saying the commission would look into both "civil and canonical duties and responsibilities" for church personnel. Canon law does provide for sanctions if a bishop is negligent in carrying out his duties, but such punishments have never been imposed on a bishop for failing to report a pedophile priest to police.
The eight inaugural members include Marie Collins, who was assaulted as a 13-year-old by a hospital chaplain in her native Ireland and has gone on to become a prominent campaigner for accountability in the church.
Also named was Cardinal Sean O'Malley, one of Pope Francis' key advisers and the archbishop of Boston, where the U.S. scandal erupted in 2002. Cardinal O'Malley grew up in suburban Pittsburgh.
Two other members are professors at Rome's Jesuit Pontifical Gregorian University, which in 2012 hosted a seminar for bishops from around the world to educate them on best practices to protect children. Several participants from that conference are now founding members of Pope Francis' commission, including Sheila Hollins, a British psychiatrist.
During that 2012 conference, Ms. Collins told the bishops of her own ordeal, of the hospitalizations, anxiety and depression she endured after Irish church authorities didn't believe her when she reported her attacker, and then blamed her for the assault.
The Vatican spokesman, the Rev. Federico Lombardi, said the institution of the commission was evidence that Pope Francis believed "the church must hold the protection of minors among her highest priorities."
But in a March 5 interview with Corriere della Sera, Pope Francis appeared defensive about the issue, complaining that the church had been unfairly attacked.
He acknowledged the "profound" wounds abuse leaves and credited Pope Benedict XVI with turning the church around. Benedict in 2001 took over handling abuse cases because bishops were moving pedophiles around rather than punishing them. In his final two years as pope before he retired, he defrocked nearly 400 abusive priests.
Ms. Collins' appointment to the panel was hailed by Dublin Archbishop Diarmuid Martin, who has clashed both with the Vatican and his fellow bishops in demanding greater accountability and honesty about abuse. SNAP, the main U.S. victim's group, also praised her inclusion but said the pope doesn't need another study panel, he just needs to oust complicit bishops.
"He's had more than a year to defrock, demote, discipline or denounce even one of them," said SNAP's outreach director Barbara Dorris in a statement.
The initial group named Saturday will define the scope, statutes and priorities of the commission and propose other members to better reflect the church's geographic diversity.
Other members include:
* Catherine Bonnet, a French consultant in child and adolescent psychiatry.
* Claudio Papale, an Italian canon lawyer and official of the Vatican's Congregation for the Doctrine of the Faith, which handles sex abuse cases.
* Poland's recently departed longtime ambassador to the Vatican, Hanna Suchocka, a constitutional lawyer.
* The Rev. Humberto Miguel Yanez, an Argentine Jesuit who studied with Francis as a seminarian and is head of moral theology at the Gregorian.
* The Rev. Hans Zollner, vice-rector of the Gregorian, a Jesuit psychologist and psychotherapist who organized the Gregorian seminar and also serves on the German government's panel on child abuse.