U.S. offering direct talks with Iran

Tehran must show seriousness, Biden tells global parley

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MUNICH -- The United States is prepared to hold direct talks with Iran in the standoff over its nuclear ambitions, Vice President Joe Biden said Saturday -- but he insisted that Tehran must show it is serious and Washington won't engage in such talks merely "for the exercise."

Mr. Biden made his remarks during a trip to an international security conference in Germany.

Washington has indicated in the past that it's prepared to talk directly with Iran, and talks involving all five permanent members of the U.N. Security Council plus Germany have made little headway while several rounds of international sanctions have cut into Iran's oil sales and financial transactions.

Last month, Iran, in a defiant move ahead of new talks expected soon with the six powers, announced plans to vastly increase its pace of uranium enrichment. That can be used to make both reactor fuel and the fissile core of warheads.

Mr. Biden told an international security conference that "there is still time, there is still space for diplomacy backed by pressure to succeed." He did not specify any time frame.

He insisted that "the ball is in the government of Iran's court" to show that it's negotiating in good faith.

Asked when Washington might hold direct talks with Tehran, Mr. Biden replied: "When the Iranian leadership, the supreme leader [Ayatollah Ali Khamenei], is serious."

The U.S. has long made clear that it is prepared to meet directly with the Iranian leadership, he added -- "that offer stands but it must be real and tangible and there has to be an agenda that they're prepared to speak to."

"We are not just prepared to do it for the exercise," Mr. Biden told the Munich Security Conference.

Russia's Foreign Minister Sergey Lavrov, whose country is a key player in the six-nation talks with Iran, said it was important to offer Iran clear incentives to resolve the nuclear standoff. "We have to convince Iran that it is not about the regime change," he said.

Iran insists it does not want nuclear arms and argues it has a right to enrich uranium for a civilian nuclear power program, but suspicion persists that the real aim is nuclear weapons. Iran's Foreign Minister Ali Akbar Salehi is to address the conference today.

While Russia and the U.S. have worked together on Iran, their differences over Syria were on display again at the conference in Munich, an annual gathering of top security officials.

In his speech, Mr. Biden stressed the conviction of the U.S. and many others that "President [Bashar] Assad -- a tyrant hell-bent on clinging to power -- is no longer fit to lead the Syrian people and he must go." He said that "the opposition continues to grow stronger."

He later held separate meetings with Mr. Lavrov, international peace envoy Lakhdar Brahimi and Syria's top opposition leader, Moaz al-Khatib.

On the sidelines of the conference, Mr. Lavrov, in turn, met for the first time with Mr. Khatib -- who in December rejected a previous Russian invitation for talks, Russian news agency ITAR-Tass reported.

On Friday, Mr. Khatib said he was willing to sit down for talks with Mr. Assad's government to "ease the pain of the Syrian people."

Mr. Lavrov welcomed that initiative, and said on his flight back to Moscow that Russia and the Syrian opposition plan to stay in regular contact, Russian state news agency RIA Novosti reported.

"This is an important step, given that the coalition was created on the platform of rejecting talks with the regime," he said. "But I think that realism will prevail. Naturally, this does not guarantee that dialogue will start, as the opposition does not have a negotiating team and there are many different groups to agree on a single delegation."

But European and U.S. officials said they expected the offer to go nowhere now that Mr. Khatib's own colleagues in the opposition have attacked it.

At the conference, Mr. Biden told an audience including Mr. Lavrov that despite differences, "we can all agree on the increasingly deep plight of the Syrian people and the responsibility of the international community to address that plight."

But Mr. Lavrov fired back that "there are a lot of question marks about the Western approaches to those developments," in the region, and questioning when it is "permissible to cooperate with regimes and when is it legitimate to argue for their removal."

world

The New York Times contributed.


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