Syrian rebels seize base, arms trove

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BASE OF THE 46TH REGIMENT, Syria -- After a nearly two-month siege, Syrian rebels overwhelmed a large military base in the country's north and made off with tanks, armored vehicles and truckloads of munitions that rebel leaders say will give them a boost in the fight against President Bashar Assad's army.

The rebel capture of the base of the Syrian army's 46th Regiment is a sharp blow to government efforts to roll back rebel gains and shows a rising level of organization among opposition forces. More important than the base's fall, however, are the weapons the rebels found inside.

At a rebel base where much of the haul was taken after the weekend victory, rebel fighters unloaded a half-dozen large trucks piled high with green boxes full of mortars, artillery shells, rockets and rifles taken from the base. Parked nearby were five tanks, two armored vehicles, two rocket launchers and two heavy-caliber artillery cannons.

Around 20 Syrian soldiers captured in the battle were put to work carrying munitions boxes, barefoot and stripped to the waist. Rebels refused to let reporters talk to them or see where they were being held.

"There has never been a battle before with this much booty," said Gen. Ahmad al-Faj of the rebels' Joint Command, a grouping of rebel brigades involved in the siege. Speaking Monday at the rebel base, set up in a former customs office at Syria's Bab al-Hawa border crossing with Turkey, he said the haul would be distributed among the brigades.

For months, Syria's rebels have gradually been destroying government checkpoints and taking over towns in the northern provinces of Idlib and Aleppo along the Turkish border.

Rebel fighters say weapons seized in such battles have been essential to their transformation from ragtag brigades into forces capable of challenging Mr. Assad's professional army. Cross-border arms smuggling from Turkey and Iraq has also played a role, although the most common complaint among rebel fighters is that they lack ammunition and heavy weapons, munitions and anti-aircraft weapons to fight Mr. Assad's air force.

It is unclear how many government bases rebels have overrun in the 20-month conflict, mostly because they rarely try to hold captured facilities. Staying at captured bases would make them sitting ducks for regime airstrikes.

"Their strategy is to hit and run," said retired Lebanese army Gen. Elias Hanna, a Beirut-based strategic analyst. "They're trying to hurt the regime where it hurts, by bisecting and compartmentalizing Syria in order to dilute the regime's power."

The 46th Regiment was a major pillar of the government's force near the northern city of Aleppo, Syria's economic hub, and its fall cuts a major supply line to the regime's army, Mr. Hanna said. Government forces have been battling rebels for months over control of Aleppo. "It's a tactical turning point that may lead to a strategic shift," he said.

At the 46th Regiment's base, about 15 miles west of Aleppo, the main three-story command building showed signs of the battle -- its walls punctured apparently from rebel rocket attacks. The smaller barracks buildings scattered around the compound, about 1 square mile in size, had been looted, with mattresses overturned. A number of buildings had been torched.

Reporters who visited the base late Monday saw no trace of its defenders, other than the dead bodies of seven soldiers.

The final assault that took the base came after more than 50 days of siege that left the soldiers inside demoralized, according to fighters who took part. Working together and communicating by radio, a number of different rebels groups divided up the area surrounding the base, and each cut the regime's supply lines, said rebel field Cmdr. Abdullah Qadi. In the course of the siege, dozens of soldiers defected, some telling the rebels that those inside were short of food, Cmdr. Qadi said.

The rebels decided to attack Saturday afternoon, when they felt that the soldiers inside were weak, and that the rebels had enough ammunition to finish the battle, Cmdr. Qadi said. It was over by nightfall Sunday. Seven rebel fighters were killed in the battle, said Gen. Faj of the rebels' Joint Command.

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