150 years later, newspaper prints a Gettysburg redress

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NEW YORK -- Four score and 70 years ago, a Pennsylvania newspaper chided Abraham Lincoln's Gettysburg Address as "silly remarks."

Last week, in time for the speech's 150th anniversary, Harrisburg's Patriot-News apologized for "a judgment so flawed, so tainted by hubris, so lacking in the perspective history would bring, that it cannot remain unaddressed in our archives."

With that, the newspaper's editorial board issued an unusual media mea culpa that has captured national attention despite its tongue-in-cheek approach.

It read in part: "Our predecessors, perhaps under the influence of partisanship, or of strong drink, as was common in the profession at the time, called President Lincoln's words 'silly remarks,' deserving 'a veil of oblivion,' apparently believing it an indifferent and altogether ordinary message, unremarkable in eloquence and uninspiring in its brevity."

"Just think: The speech, the exact words of it, are still looked at, thought about and dissected," said Michele Hamill, a conservator at Cornell University in Ithaca, N.Y., where one of five copies of Abraham Lincoln's handwritten speech is on display through Nov. 23 in commemoration of its delivery Nov. 19, 1863.

"He was a very thoughtful writer, and it shows," Ms. Hamill said, referring both to the penmanship and the substance of the speech, which was short -- about two minutes -- but memorable.

So too was the disrespect it received in some media, a scoff that haunted the Harrisburg editors until their editorial, which ran Thursday with a column explaining the decision to declare: "The Patriot-News regrets the error."

Donald Gilliland, the reporter who wrote the explanatory article, noted that the dismissive comments about Lincoln's address did not appear until five days after he had delivered them. Days earlier, the paper -- then called the Patriot & Union -- had devoted extensive coverage to the president's visit to the Pennsylvania city, including printing the full text of his speech without editorial comment, Mr. Gilliland noted.

Mr. Gilliland also said the critical editorial was not aimed only at Lincoln's words, but also at what editors considered the political theater of the Gettysburg event, which was held to dedicate a cemetery to Union soldiers killed during the battle there four months earlier.

Whatever the context, Mr. Gilliland wrote that the words that appeared on Nov. 24, 1863, earned the newspaper "an enduring place in history for having got Lincoln's Gettysburg Address utterly, jaw-droppingly wrong."

This isn't the first time a newspaper has apologized many years after the fact. In 2004, the Lexington Herald-Leader in Kentucky apologized for its failures in covering the civil rights movement in the 1960s. The Meridian Star in Mississippi issued an apology to coincide with President Barack Obama's 2009 inauguration, saying in an editorial that it, and many papers across the South, had "acted with gross neglect" in not covering pivotal civil rights events.

"We did it through omission, by not recording for our readers many of the most important civil rights activities that happened in our midst, including protests and sit-ins. That was wrong," the Meridian Star said.

The Patriot-News apology lacks the somber tone of those apologies, but it is no less significant, said Todd Gitlin, a professor of sociology and journalism at Columbia University.

"An apology is sort of a port of entry to a recognition of what's at stake and what our values are," Mr. Gitlin said.

He said Lincoln's message -- that the nation was in a fight for democracy -- is as true today as it was then, citing the current battles over issues such as voter ID laws, which civil rights activists say are designed to limit minority voting.

"The reason why I think it makes sense ... to take note of the retrograde position the paper held is because this principle is still being fought over," Mr. Gitlin said.



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