WASHINGTON — The Peace Corps, formed more than 50 years ago to send Americans abroad to perform good works, is amid its most serious challenge, with the number of applicants falling rapidly, leaving the volunteer force at its lowest level in more than a decade.
Recognizing that the organization envisioned by President John F. Kennedy could be endangered, its leaders are scheduled to announce today a series of steps to make it more attractive, including allowing candidates to choose the country where they want to serve, shortening the year-long application period and recruiting more minorities and young people.
“The Peace Corps is a great brand, but we really needed to bring it into the 21st century,” organization director Carrie Hessler-Radelet said ahead of the announcement. “This is the most extensive reform effort our agency has ever undertaken.”
The federal agency, which has a $379 million annual budget and sends thousands of volunteers to more than 65 countries to conduct two-year service projects, at times has tangled its applicants in red tape.
In interviews, Peace Corps alumni described waiting on average more than a year before being accepted. Some have called the anxiety they felt “restless applicant syndrome.” Under the new guidelines, the steps could be completed in six months.
“Our former process was long and bureaucratic and cumbersome,” Ms. Hessler-Radelet said. “We feel that today’s applicants have career goals and have professional goals, and they have strong opinions about where they want to serve. .... We want to honor that as best we can.”
The Peace Corps will hope to avoid leaving potential volunteers in limbo, part of a package of changes that officials think will make the organization more appealing to the nation’s under-30 crowd.
In the past nine months, more than 30,000 potential candidates did not complete their applications, according to the Peace Corps. The number of candidates who have finished them have dropped from a peak of 15,384 in fiscal 2009 to 10,118 in fiscal 2013, a decline of 34 percent. The agency’s recruiting prospects suffered setbacks after several volunteers came forward with harrowing accounts of sexual assaults in their host countries.
Ms. Hessler-Radelet said she hopes that the improvements will encourage more people to apply and boost the agency’s number of volunteers, especially among minorities. Of the 7,200 volunteers currently deployed, whites make up 76 percent; blacks, 6 percent; Hispanics, 9 percent; and Asians, 5 percent.
Proposed when Mr. Kennedy was a Massachusetts senator running for president, the Peace Corps officially became an agency in 1961 and emerged as a premier destination for young Americans seeking to volunteer and experience the adventure of life in a foreign country. Since then, more than 215,000 U.S. citizens have served.West Africa - Africa - Chris Matthews - Christopher Dodd - Peace Corps