PHOENIX — A federal appeals court has dealt a new blow to Arizona in its series of immigration-related crackdowns, ruling that the state cannot deny driver’s licenses to young immigrants who are allowed to stay in the United States under a 2012 Obama administration policy.
Arizona was one of two states that refused to issue licenses to the immigrants, sparking the latest court fight over the issue.
Republican Gov. Jan Brewer called the ruling misguided and said she was considering appeal.
The decision follows other high-profile battles between Arizona and the federal government over immigration, including court decisions that struck down much of a 2010 enforcement law but upheld its most hotly debated section, which requires police to check immigration status under certain circumstances.
“We hope that this ruling signals the end of what has been an unfortunate anti-immigrant period in Arizona,” said Karen Tumlin, one of the attorneys representing the immigrants. The decision should remove any barriers young immigrants face in getting a driver’s license in Arizona, Ms. Tumlin said.
A three-judge panel of the 9th U.S. Circuit Court of Appeals in San Francisco found that there was no legitimate state interest in treating young immigrants granted deferred action on deportation differently from other noncitizens who could apply for driver’s licenses. Instead, the panel suggested that the policy was intended to express hostility toward the young immigrants, in part because of the federal government’s policy accommodating them.
The ruling comes during a national focus on the topic, as tens of thousands of immigrants from Central America — many of them unaccompanied children — have illegally entered the country in recent months, straining the capacity of detention centers along the U.S.-Mexico border.
The Obama administration in June 2012 took administrative steps to shield thousands of immigrants from deportation and expand their legal rights. The move assists immigrants younger than 30 who came to the U.S. before turning 16, have been in the country for at least five continuous years, are enrolled in or have graduated from a high school or a GED program or have served in the military. Aside from allowing driver’s licenses, applicants also were allowed to pursue a two-year renewable work permit.
About 520,000 people have been approved nationally to take part in the program, including about 19,000 in Arizona.
Reyna Montoya, 23, a Mesa, Ariz., resident who took part in the Obama program, said she feels that her inability to get a driver’s license has put her at a competitive disadvantage as she searches for a teaching job. Without a license, Ms. Montoya said she is unable to drive students to extracurricular activities — a question that is raised on job applications.
Ms. Montoya regards Monday’s court decision as a victory for young immigrants but noted that they still face barriers in Arizona, including a 2006 voter-approved law that denies cheaper in-state tuition and financial assistance at public universities and community colleges to immigrants who are in the country illegally. “We are celebrating now, but we are going to have to continue to organize,” Ms. Montoya said.
Ms. Brewer issued an executive order in August 2012 directing state agencies to deny driver’s licenses and other public benefits to young immigrants who get work authorization under the deferred action program.
The appeals panel ordered a lower court judge to issue a preliminary injunction blocking Ms. Brewer’s executive order while the case is litigated. It’s unknown how long it will take for the case to conclude.
Nebraska is the only other state to have made similar denials, and a federal judge this year dismissed a lawsuit contesting the state’s policy.United States - North America - Arizona - Paul Davenport - Jan Brewer - Arizona state government