WASHINGTON -- The ceremony included a bit of comedy, but there was no denying the significance: For the first time in its history, the Navy promoted a woman to become a four-star admiral.
Surrounded by friends, family and peers, Adm. Michelle Howard was promoted to her new rank at the Women in Military Service for America Memorial on Tuesday at Arlington National Cemetery. She'll take over as the vice chief of naval operations, the No. 2 officer in the service. She is not only the first woman to hold the job, but the first African-American.
It's the latest achievement for Adm. Howard, who previously was the first African-American woman to serve as a three-star officer in the U.S. military and command a U.S. Navy ship. Navy Secretary Ray Mabus said her promotion is a "representation of how far we have come, and how far she has helped bring us."
"She is also a great example of how much we as a nation and a Navy lose if we put artificial barriers in, if we don't judge people based on their ability, based on their capability," Mr. Mabus told a crowd of about 150 people. "I hope I have always been passionate about that, but I know the intensity has increased since I am the father of three daughters, and I refuse to believe that there are any ceilings for them, glass or otherwise. That they can get to wherever their abilities can take them. And with that, they and countless others in the Navy now have a wonderful role model in Michelle Howard."
Mr. Mabus added that "there is no news here today" because the Navy picked the best officer, Adm. Howard, for her new job.
Adm. Howard is perhaps best known for leading Task Force 151, which oversaw counterpiracy operations in the Gulf of Aden. After Somali pirates attacked the cargo ship MV Maersk Alabama and captured its top officer, Capt. Richard Phillips, in April 2009, she was involved in the planning to get him back, dispatching the USS Bainbridge, a destroyer, to help.
Navy SEAL snipers eventually opened fire on a small lifeboat carrying Mr. Phillips and three pirates, killing the bandits and freeing him.
After being promoted, Adm. Howard told those assembled that when she called to order her new four-star shoulder boards, she was told they did not exist. A special contract was devised to buy some, "and you folks are seeing the first set," she said to cheers.
The Army and Air Force each have named four-star female officers in the past. The first one in the military, Army Gen. Ann Dunwoody, retired in 2012 after serving as a four-star general for nearly four years.
Adm. Howard said after the ceremony that the 1993 decision to allow women to serve on combat ships and fly fighter jets remains one of the biggest for the Navy.
"I'm just very proud of our service," she said. She acknowledged the ongoing debate about where women should serve in the military's ground combat units, but said that each of the services is "their own breed."
At one point Tuesday, Mr. Mabus struggled to put Adm. Howard's new four-star shoulder boards on her uniform. He refused to give up, drawing laughter from the crowd. In her remarks onstage, she joked about it. "It is a remarkable sign of leadership," she said, "to be persistent in your goals and to achieve them."