Black leaders seek Sen. Thad Cochran's help after runoff win

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JACKSON, Miss. — After black voters helped Mississippi Sen. Thad Cochran survive an intense Republican primary runoff against an insurgent conservative challenger, some civil rights leaders in the South want him to repay the favor.

Their request? Mr. Cochran should lead the charge in the Senate to renew a key section of the Voting Rights Act struck down last year by the Supreme Court's conservative majority.

"But for the Voting Rights Act, those African-Americans who turned out to the polls ... to support his re-election would not have had the opportunity to do so," said Mississippi NAACP President Derrick Johnson.

Mr. Cochran deeply angered some conservatives with his unabashed appeal to Democrats in the June 24 runoff election against state Sen. Chris McDaniel, who eked out a win with the support of tea party groups in the state's primary but didn't win the outright majority required to avoid a runoff against the six-term incumbent.

Black Mississippians, who AP exit polls have indicated overwhelmingly vote Democratic, have voted for Mr. Cochran in general elections before but have never before been such a key voting bloc in a contested GOP contest. He must now ponder how to respond to that unusual primary coalition while mending fissures inside the state GOP, which is mostly supported by voters who are white.

That task is complicated by requests such as those made by Mr. Johnson, as well as a potential legal challenge from Mr. McDaniel. He and his supporters argue -- so far without presenting any definitive evidence -- that Mr. Cochran won because "liberal Democrats" voted in the June 3 Democratic primary and then in the Republican runoff three weeks later, violating the state's ban on what's called crossover voting.

Mr. McDaniel said Friday on CNN that his campaign found at least 5,000 irregularities in voting, and he will mount a legal challenge "any day now."

Mr. Cochran was among the Republicans who generally celebrated the Supreme Court's decision a year ago to remove from the Voting Rights Act a requirement that governments in 15 states with a history of discrimination seek and win federal approval before making changes to their election laws and procedures -- from polling hours to precinct borders.

Many voting rights advocates, particularly the NAACP and other minority advocacy groups, maintain that federal oversight is still needed. An effort is underway to address the court's concerns that the law was based on old data by restoring the "preclearance" requirement to four states with a recent history of voting discrimination -- Georgia, Louisiana, Texas and Mississippi.

That legislation is caught in the same partisan gridlock that has stalled action on most issues in the current Congress, and Ms. Holmes said it's accepted on Capitol Hill there will be no votes before November's midterm election.

Mr. Cochran declined a request for comment about his position on that effort and hasn't said anything publicly about the Voting Rights Act since his come-from-behind win in a runoff election that featured a surge in turnout compared to the primary, particularly in counties where a majority of voters are black.

Francys Johnson, who leads the NAACP in Georgia, said he believes Mr. Cochran and his Republican colleagues in the Senate understand that minorities -- and not just black voters -- still need protections to ensure they can vote. But, he said, "they've got one eye on the tea party and one eye on the general population."

Ms. Norton said Mr. Cochran is a "fair-minded senator who has never exacerbated divisions" in race in Mississippi and noted that he voted, along with the overwhelming majority of Congress, to renew the section of the Voting Rights Act struck down by the high court as recently as 2006.

But, she argues, it's also unfair to single out Mr. Cochran and other Southern lawmakers. She notes that no Republican senator from any part of the country has signed on to sponsor the proposed update to the law.

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