WASHINGTON — Longtime conservative activist L. Brent Bozell called several reporters late Tuesday to boast about the Tea Party’s stunning upset of House Majority Leader Eric Cantor in Virginia’s Republican primary. When asked what he would do next, Mr. Bozell laughed and said he was going to have some more lasagna with the conservative operatives who happened to be dining at his house.
Across the Potomac River in his first-floor suite at the Capitol, House Majority Whip Kevin McCarthy, R-Calif., started making calls, too — but not to the press. Mr. McCarthy instead began dialing fellow House Republicans, reassuring them that in spite of the shocking news, their caucus was not imploding. If they were worried about what happens next, he was happy to help.
Those precious first few hours of celebration — in Northern Virginia, on Fox News and across Capitol Hill — would come to haunt conservatives over the next two days, when their political machinery proved woefully unable to match their excitement. The only conservative who jumped into the race for majority leader is Idaho Rep. Raúl Labrador, a long-shot candidate who waited until Friday afternoon to announce a bid.
Mr. McCarthy’s apparent easy ascent as unrest swirled around him underscores how the Tea Party, even with its strong pull in congressional primaries and ability to dictate the Republican agenda, remains a limited force in the insular and relationship-driven sphere of House GOP politics. Though sizable in number, they lack the organization and preparation, the battle-tested aides and the Machiavellian instincts to take over.
That has left the Tea Party in the paradoxical position of being powerful enough to take out a majority leader in historic fashion, but powerless to replace him. As a result, a blue-state Republican more moderate than the one he is likely to replace — Mr. McCarthy supports giving legal status to undocumented immigrants, for instance — was set to rise.
“Before Cantor resigned, McCarthy had 35 deputy whips he could call and say, ‘Hey guys, I’m running,‘ and probably 32 of them said, ‘I’m for you.‘ That got him started and gave him momentum,” said former House Speaker Newt Gingrich, R-Ga.
Mr. McCarthy quickly started to fill the vacuum of power Tuesday night, signaling to his allies that he was planning to run for majority leader once Mr. Cantor formally decided to step down.
Mr. McCarthy’s office — led by chief of staff Tim Berry, who served in the same role for former House Majority Leader Tom DeLay, R-Texas — methodically built its count with a numerical ranking system that Mr. DeLay had mastered. That gave Mr. McCarthy critical intelligence about who might need extra attention. And Mr. McCarthy’s top deputy whips weren’t his closest friends, but rather they were committee chairmen, a sign he understood how best to reach members — through their bosses.
Meanwhile, the rabble-rousing GOP conservatives who led a poorly executed coup attempt against House Speaker John Boehner, R-(Ohio, in January 2013 spent Wednesday searching for a strategy, appearing distressed as they entered a meeting in the Capitol basement. Michigan Rep. Justin Amash said he was hoping Texas Rep. Jeb Hensarling would get in, but he was unsure about the state of play. Ohio Rep. Jim Jordan said the same, as did Mr. Labrador, who was wondering whether he should step up if no one else did.
Things didn’t get any better by Thursday morning, when many conservatives gathered for a well-attended closed-door meeting of House Republicans from the South. When it became clear that Mr. Hensarling wouldn’t be whipping votes or announcing a bid, conservatives began to grumble that things were falling apart.
Mr. McCarthy, who arrived soon after the meeting, started to make a direct pitch to manymembers who might be skeptical of him and was received respectfully. Rep. Pete Sessions, who had announced a run for leader, arrived later, coming alone and struggling to find support.
In the early afternoon, other conservatives began to get word that Mr. Hensarling was out and Mr. Sessions was treading water. They had no playbook of what to do next. Mr. Jordan, Georgia Rep. Tom Price and Wisconsin Rep. Paul Ryan — all popular House conservatives — had already made clear that they weren’t interested. Mr. Labrador was still thinking it through. On the House floor, Mr. Sessions took a short walk through the aisles but didn’t find much encouragement to run. He soon decided to drop his bid.
Mr. McCarthy also made his way around the floor. He was ebullient, patting backs and shaking hands, with the knowing smile of a man in control. By that afternoon, he privately told his associates that he had secured enough votes to win.
On Twitter and elsewhere, conservative activists were in disbelief, wondering howMr. McCarthy had so rapidly become the presumptive victor.
The people at Mr. Bozell’s dinner party — Mike Needham of Heritage Action for America and Jenny Beth Martin of Tea Party Patriots, among others — along with the combative titans of talk radio who helped raise the profile of Cantor opponent Dave Brat, had also failed to move swiftly to back a consensus hard-line candidate. By Friday, conservatives were scrambling to salvage something before Thursday’s election for majority leader.
FreedomWorks, a group that organizes Tea Party activists, released a statement Friday morning urging Mr. Labrador to announce a run, although it was one of the few outfits agitating for an alternative to Mr. McCarthy.
“Americans deserve a choice in leadership, and Republicans should have learned by now that ‘the next guy in line’ isn’t entitled to the next rung on the ladder,” said FreedomWorks President Matt Kibbe. “Raul Labrador is the perfect leadership choice for constitutional conservatives who are ready to shake things up in Congress. He has an authentic commitment to rejecting special interests and defending limited government.”
Mr. Labrador finally made his move early Friday afternoon, declaring in a statement that the Cantor defeat showed that “Americans are looking for a change in the status quo.”
But much of the attention has already turned to the race to replace Mr. McCarthy as whip, with three members — Reps. Steve Scalise of Louisiana, Peter Roskam of Illinois and Marlin Stutzman of Indiana — competing for the third-ranking job.
Behind the scenes, Mr. Scalise, chairman of the conservative Republican Study Committee, and his boosters were making the argument that the right needed to get behind a Southern conservative, and not let the House’s current establishment control all three top positions.
Mr. Roskam, a dutiful member of the current leadership team as chief deputy whip, was finding some support, but he was also having trouble counteringMr. Scalise’s case with many members who are frustrated with how things have played out.
Not wanting to repeat the mistakes made by conservatives in the race for majority leader, Mr. Scalise canceled an appearance on “Fox News Sunday” “so that he can be 100 percent focused on his members,” said a source close to the congressman, who was not authorized to speak publicly.
If Mr. Scalise ends up beating Mr. Roskam and the little-known Mr. Stutzman, it will be a notable, although limited, win for the embattled right. Even Mr. Scalise has his critics — knocked by some conservatives as being too cozy with leadership and reluctant to be a bomb-thrower on the national scene.Newt Gingrich - United States government - United States Congress - John Boehner - U.S. Republican Party - United States House of Representatives - Paul Ryan - Steve Scalise - Jim Jordan - Eric Cantor - Kevin McCarthy - Pete Sessions - Peter Roskam - Jeb Hensarling - Tom Price - Tom DeLay - Justin Amash - Matt Kibbe - Marlin Stutzman - Michael Steele