Change sweeps Detroit; city poised to elect first white mayor since 1974

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DETROIT -- The last time there was a white mayor of Detroit, the Vietnam War was just ending and the nation was getting used to a Supreme Court decision called Roe v. Wade.

But now this city, which is in the midst of a trial to determine whether it is eligible for bankruptcy protection, is set to elect its first white mayor since 1974, Mike Duggan, and by an overwhelming margin. Recent polls show Mr. Duggan, 55, up by a nearly 2-1 margin over his opponent, Wayne County Sheriff Benny Napoleon, in a city that is 82 percent African-American.

Mr. Duggan's lead is seen as a signal that the residents of long-struggling Detroit are ready for a change in leadership -- someone who hasn't served the city in politics before. After all, still fresh in voters' minds is the case of former Mayor Kwame Kilpatrick, who three weeks ago was sentenced to 28 years in prison for corruption.

The winds of change, however, may also be fueled by the nation's willingness to elect a black president.

Minister Malik Shabazz, president of the Marcus Garvey Movement/New Black Panther Nation in Detroit, is one of Mr. Duggan's most vocal supporters. Mr. Shabazz admits that having President Barack Obama in the White House changes things.

"In the last two national elections, African-Americans have asked the nation to choose the best person for the job and not get caught up in color. And twice, Barack Obama has won," Mr. Shabazz said. "Now, in Detroit, in 2013, the best man running is a white brother, and that's OK."

The political establishment in Detroit did not make Mr. Duggan's road to Tuesday's ballot an easy one. The onetime hospital executive, who moved to Detroit from the affluent, mostly white suburb of Livonia, Mich., was kicked off the Aug. 6 primary ballot after opponents raised a court challenge questioning whether he met residency requirements.

A frustrated Mr. Duggan withdrew from the race -- until supporters persuaded him to run as a write-in candidate. He won more than 50 percent of the vote that way, despite a crowded ballot and despite his opponents' bid to confuse voters by mounting the candidacy of a barber named Mike Dugeon.

"He became this folk hero. It just kind of took on a life of its own," said Bill Ballenger, editor of Inside Michigan Politics, a popular political newsletter.

Mr. Duggan's background appeals to voters in a city that is desperately trying to turn itself around, where street lights don't work and police can take hours to respond to violent crimes. He was once the deputy executive of Wayne County, where he helped overhaul the bus system, served as a county prosecutor and is widely credited with helping to turn around Detroit Medical Center with its eight hospitals.

He has received endorsements from unions including Service Employees International Union Healthcare Michigan and from black religious leaders including the Rev. Jim Holley of the city's Historic Little Rock Baptist Church.

"Mike Duggan has a reputation, deserved or not, as a Mr. Fix-it, a turnaround artist," Mr. Ballenger said.

Mr. Duggan's opponent, Mr. Napoleon, has impressive credentials as well. His campaign literature shows a younger Mr. Napoleon, wearing a bulletproof vest, carrying a small child away from a home where the boy's family had been held hostage. He has played up his Detroit roots and long law enforcement career, at one debate saying that while Mr. Duggan was "sleeping in Livonia, I put on a bulletproof vest, a .40-caliber Glock and patrolled this city."

Mr. Napoleon, 61, has snagged endorsements from major law enforcement groups such as the Detroit Police Officers Association and from unions including the city's largest, Michigan's American Federation of State County and Municipal Employees Local 25.

The new mayor will not have too much responsibility when he first takes office. Detroit is being run by Kevyn Orr, an emergency manager appointed by the state, who has taken the reins from current Mayor Dave Bing. The law that allowed Mr. Orr to be appointed sets up a potential exit route for him in a year.


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