As expected, Republicans dominated the major races on Tuesday in this reddest of states, where Mitt Romney easily won the presidential race. All seven of the state's Congressional incumbents -- six Republicans and one Democrat -- won new terms. And the last Democrat in statewide office in Alabama, Lucy Baxley, lost her race to remain president of the Public Service Commission.
Alabama voters also soundly rejected a ballot measure that would have removed racist language from the State Constitution that calls for separate schools for white and black children. Some black lawmakers had opposed the measure because they said it would leave intact a provision that the state's children do not have a right to public education.
Roy Moore, who was removed as chief justice of the Alabama Supreme Court in 2003 for refusing to remove a two-ton granite Ten Commandments monument in the courthouse rotunda, was once again elected to the position.
Republicans, who dominate Alaskan politics, took back full control of the state government on Tuesday. The party won at least 12 of the 20 seats in the Alaska Senate, which had been split evenly between Democrats and Republicans and controlled by a bipartisan coalition.
Democrats in the Senate had blocked Gov. Sean Parnell's plan to cut oil taxes on energy companies by up to $2 billion per year, and Republicans had hoped that winning back full control of the Legislature would allow them to push the tax cuts through. Redistricting left all but one of the 60 seats in the Legislature up for grabs, some in districts that were more favorable to Republicans.
Democrats had hoped this could be the year that Arizona, considered a bastion of conservative politics since the days of Barry Goldwater, turned blue. But Republicans scored major victories in the state Tuesday night.
Mitt Romney carried Arizona, despite the state's surging Latino population, and Jeff Flake, a Republican congressman, won a comfortable victory in the race for the Senate seat being vacated by Jon Kyl, a Republican who is retiring.
Though some analysts had rated the race a tossup, Mr. Flake collected more than half of the vote compared with just 45 percent for his opponent, Richard H. Carmona, a surgeon general in President George W. Bush's administration.
Democrats still had a chance to win a majority of Arizona's nine Congressional seats, if they could win all three of tightest House races.
But in a surprising twist, Republicans appeared likely to gain the seat formerly held by Gabrielle Giffords. Ron Barber, the former chief of staff to Ms. Giffords, scored an emotional victory in the special election in June to replace his former boss, and redistricting gave him a district slightly friendlier to Democrats. But Martha McSally, a Republican former Air Force pilot, led by a little more than 1,000 votes on Wednesday morning, with all precincts reporting.
Two Democratic former representatives who were ousted in 2010, Ann Kirkpatrick and Kyrsten Sinema, also clung to narrow leads Wednesday.
Joe Arpaio, the polarizing sheriff of Maricopa County who has proclaimed himself the toughest sheriff in America, also won a sixth term. And voters rejected a statewide ballot measure that would have made permanent a temporary one-cent-per-dollar sales tax to finance education.
Much of the attention devoted to outside nonprofit political groups has focused on their spending on national elections, but in Arkansas, it was their influence on the Statehouse that may mark a watershed moment for them.
Groups like Americans for Prosperity and the 60 Plus Association, which have ties to the donor networks financed by Charles and David Koch, the conservative billionaires, poured money into Republican campaigns at the state level. For the first time since 1874, Republicans won a majority in the state's Senate and House.
Republicans also hold all four of Arkansas's seats in the House of Representatives after Tom Cotton, a 35-year-old Army veteran, easily won a seat vacated by a retiring Democrat, Gene Jeffress, in the Fourth District.
In the Third District, the Republican incumbent, Steve Womack, did not face a Democratic challenger and easily defeated Green Party and Libertarian candidates.
That leaves Gov. Mike Beebe, a Democrat, to cope with a Republican Legislature, and Senator Mark Pryor as the sole Democrat representing Arkansas in Washington, a sea change for the state that produced Bill Clinton.
Outside groups also had hoped to defeat a ballot measure that would impose a 5-cent tax on diesel fuel to raise money for highway improvements. That runs against the interests of Koch Industries, the company owned by the Koch family. But with more than 60 percent of the votes counted, the measure appeared headed for approval.
Tuesday was a big night for Democrats in California, a state that has grown even more blue in recent years. President Obama and Senator Dianne Feinstein coasted to easy victories in the state at the top of the ticket.
The party also appeared very likely to pick up seats in the Congressional delegation, and to be on the verge of picking up a two-thirds majority in both houses of the California Legislature, which would allow Democrats to increase taxes without any support from across the aisle, rendering the Republicans all but irrelevant in state government.
The biggest victory belonged to Gov. Jerry Brown. Voters approved Proposition 30, a ballot measure championed by Mr. Brown that establishes temporary tax increases, which will bring in an estimated $6 billion per year. It was the first time Californians had approved a statewide tax increase since 2004. Its failure would have triggered billions in cuts to education.
Several other ballot measures took on contentious issues in public safety. Voters rejected Proposition 34, which would have put an end to the death penalty in the state. But they approved revising California's landmark three-strikes law; now, people convicted of three felonies can be sentenced to life in prison only if the third conviction is for a serious or violent offense.
Two other ballot measures were defeated: one that would have required labels on most foods that contain genetically modified ingredients and another that would have curbed union donations to political campaigns.
Redistricting and other electoral changes ended up pitting some incumbent congressmen against each other. In the San Fernando Valley, Representative Brad Sherman soundly defeated a fellow Democrat, Howard Berman, who had been in Congress three decades.
Representative Pete Stark, the 80-year-old dean of California's Congressional delegation, who had been in Congress since the Nixon administration, also fell to a challenge from a fellow Democrat, 31-year-old Eric Swalwell.
President Obama pulled out a victory in Colorado, a hotly contested battleground state. The Romney campaign had polled favorably in Colorado and poured substantial resources into the state, which has nine electoral votes.
Voters passed one of the highest-profile ballot initiatives in the country, legalizing the limited possession and retail sale of marijuana. The amendment allows those 21 and older to buy up to an ounce of the drug at regulated stores. Public use is prohibited, but adults will be able to grow a limited number of marijuana plants in their homes.
The state's governor, John W. Hickenlooper, a Democrat, strongly opposed the measure. "Federal law still says marijuana is an illegal drug, so don't break out the Cheetos or Goldfish too quickly," he said on Tuesday night.
In the House, Representative Ed Perlmutter, a Democrat, defeated a challenge from Joe Coors, a Republican from the state's beer-brewing family. Mr. Coors had sought to elevate his profile beyond voters' traditional associations with his family, saying in one television ad, "I'm not a beer."
Six other incumbents also kept their House seats, including Representative Mike Coffman, a Republican who has served since 2009 and fought off the Democratic challenger, Joe Miklosi, in a close race. In the state's largest district, Representative Scott Tipton, a Republican who was elected in 2010, defeated Sal Pace, the Democrats' former leader in the state House.
Democrats held onto a Senate seat that Republicans had high hopes of taking, and kept all five House seats in a state where the presidential result was never in doubt.
For the second election cycle in a row, Linda McMahon, a Republican who is a former professional wrestling executive, spent heavily from her personal fortune in a bid for an open Senate seat, only to come up short.
This time, the winner was Christopher S. Murphy, a representative who, at 39, will become the youngest senator. He will replace Joseph I. Lieberman, who is retiring after a career spent alternately supporting and confounding fellow Democrats.
This was one of a handful of seats Republicans had to wrest from Democrats to take control of the Senate, and exit polls showed that Connecticut voters were acutely aware of the national implications. Almost 9 out of 10 said that party control of the Senate was an important factor in their choices.
Mr. Murphy won with a double-digit lead, in a state that President Obama carried by an even higher margin.
In her two races for the Senate, Ms. McMahon spent more than $86 million. This year, she outspent Mr. Murphy by more than four to one.
Republicans had hoped to contend in some House races, but the only close one was in the Fifth District, where Mr. Murphy's run for the Senate left a vacancy. There, the Democrat, Elizabeth Esty, won with 52 percent of the vote over Andrew Roraback.
President Obama carried Delaware, and three other Democrats -- Senator Thomas R. Carper, Representative John Carney and Gov. Jack Markell -- easily won re-election in this solidly blue state.
Mr. Carper, a pragmatic centrist, may be in line to succeed Senator Joseph I. Lieberman, independent of Connecticut, as chairman of the Senate Committee on Homeland Security and Governmental Affairs. His Republican opponent, Kevin Wade, a businessman, never gained traction with his criticism of Mr. Carper.
Mr. Markell, the chairman of the National Governors Association, did not face a serious threat from the Republican nominee, Jeff Cragg, a businessman and former insurance executive.
District of Columbia
Voters overwhelmingly passed measures aimed at cleaning up the ethical landscape in the District of Columbia, amending the Washington City Charter to disqualify council members and mayors from serving or running again if convicted of a crime while in office.
The charter measures come as federal prosecutors are investigating whether Mayor Vincent C. Gray's 2010 election campaign illegally paid another candidate to undermine Mr. Gray's principal opponent. And two council members resigned this year before pleading guilty to financial irregularities in unrelated investigations.
The measures passed with nearly 80 percent of the vote, but they may not do all that voters intended. As written, the measures would not apply to the two council members who resigned, Harry B. Thomas and Kwame R. Brown, because both left office before their guilty pleas.
President Obama held a slight lead in this battleground state on Wednesday, but election officials hesitated to declare a winner because he and Mitt Romney were separated by fewer than 50,000 votes out of more than eight million cast.
The outcome of the presidential election did not hinge on the state's results, as it did in 2000, and Mr. Obama did not need Florida's 29 electoral votes to clinch his re-election this year.
Though The Associated Press reported that 100 percent of the precincts had reported, election workers in some counties were still counting provisional and absentee ballots on Wednesday afternoon. Ballots were longer than usual because they included votes on many proposed amendments to the State Constitution.In the Senate race, the final tally was not as close as had been expected. Senator Bill Nelson, a centrist Democrat running for a third term, won by 12.8 percentage points, defeating the Republican candidate, Representative Connie Mack, in a race that was exceptionally bitter, nasty and personal.
In the Orlando area, Alan Grayson, a pugnacious Democrat who lost his House seat in 2010, beat his Republican opponent, Todd Long, the host of a conservative radio show. As a congressman, Mr. Grayson developed a national following among liberals who liked his provocative style.
In the 18th District, Representative Allen B. West, a Republican freshman and a Tea Party favorite, appeared to be losing to Patrick Murphy, a Democrat. The race was a test of Mr. West's fiery brand of conservatism. Mr. Murphy criticized "the taunts, the name-calling, the bullying" that he said characterized Mr. West's style.
In the Sarasota area, Representative Vern Buchanan, a Republican, won re-election after surviving the first phase of an investigation of his finances by the House ethics committee.
Another incumbent Republican, Representative David Rivera, lost to a Democrat, Joe Garcia, in Florida's southernmost district. Mr. Rivera faced accusations that he had tried to plant a candidate in the Democratic primary to undermine Mr. Garcia's chances. Mr. Garcia urged voters to "turn the page on Mr. Rivera's scandals."
Floridians rejected ballot measures that would have amended the State Constitution to block parts of the new federal health care law and to impose additional restrictions on abortion.
Representative John Barrow withstood the Republican charge in Georgia and held onto his seat despite a redrawn map that pumped more conservatives into his 12th District.
Mr. Barrow, who is now the only white Democratic representative from the Deep South, won a fifth term with 53.7 percent of the vote, defeating State Representative Lee Anderson. Mr. Barrow hung onto the one-third of his constituents who are African-American while appealing to conservative white voters with ads that highlighted his endorsement by the National Rifle Association.
Voters handily approved a ballot measure to revamp the procedure for establishing charter schools. Those decisions will now be made by a new commission whose members will be appointed by the governor and lieutenant governor.
Representative Mazie K. Hirono swept to an easy victory in the Senate race in Hawaii, defeating Linda Lingle, a Republican former governor.
Just a few months ago, Republicans had targeted the Senate seat that is being vacated by retiring Senator Daniel K. Akaka as a potential pickup for the party.
Ms. Lingle, a moderate who supports abortion rights, was viewed as a strong crossover candidate in this staunchly Democratic state. But Ms. Hirono's built-in advantage, as a Democrat in a state that has not elected a Republican to the Senate in more than four decades, proved too much for Ms. Lingle to overcome.
In Honolulu, Kirk Caldwell defeated Benjamin J. Cayetano, a former governor, in a fierce race for mayor that many voters saw as a referendum on a contentious rail project on the island of Oahu. Mr. Caldwell, a former acting mayor of Honolulu, was a supporter of the project, while Mr. Cayetano had vowed to try to stop construction of the rail line.
In Idaho, which is sparsely populated and leans firmly to the right, Mitt Romney easily won the state, while Representatives Raúl R. Labrador and Mike Simpson, both Republican incumbents, retained their seats in the House.
The fiercest fight involved ballot measures that sought to strike down three laws that the schools superintendent and Republican governor had championed to overhaul the public schools.
Urged on by the teachers' union, Idaho voters toppled all three laws, which would have eliminated tenure, limited the collective-bargaining rights of teachers and instituted a merit pay system tied to scores on state-mandated tests.
The Idaho Education Association, which represents nearly 13,000 teachers, gathered signatures to challenge those laws in a referendum. Also overturned was a new plan that, after three years of deep budget cuts, called for leasing laptop computers to every high school student.
In President Obama's home state, the most compelling races were congressional.
Of the six House seats that were considered competitive in Illinois, five were held by Republicans. Democrats managed to regain four of those with a boost from redistricting.
In the Eighth District, Joe Walsh, a Tea Party favorite, lost to Tammy Duckworth, a Democrat and an Army veteran. One of the first women to fly combat missions in Iraq, Ms. Duckworth lost both legs when her helicopter was hit by a rocket-propelled grenade in 2004. President Obama chose her to be assistant secretary of veterans affairs.
Millions of dollars poured into the race from outside the state, and the tone was often nasty. Mr. Walsh suggested his opponent was not a "true hero." His stand on abortion also became news after Mr. Walsh announced that he opposed the procedure even when the mother might die.
Another candidate who generated national interest was Representative Jesse L. Jackson Jr., a Democrat, who won re-election by a large margin, overcoming a publicized hospitalization for bipolar disorder. Mr. Jackson, the son of the Rev. Jesse Jackson, also faced investigations into whether he had misused campaign money and had broken ethics rules in pursuit of Mr. Obama's former Senate seat.
Mr. Jackson said in a statement: "Once the doctors approve my return to work, I will continue to be the progressive fighter you have known for years."
Representative Joe Donnelly, the Democratic candidate, picked up a Senate seat that had long been in Republican hands.
State Treasurer Richard E. Mourdock, the Republican candidate and Tea Party favorite, was expected to win until he drew unwanted national attention for saying that a pregnancy conceived by rape "is something that God intended to happen." After that, Mr. Donnelly, a House member since 2007 and a native of Massapequa, N.Y., gained significant momentum.
Mr. Mourdock won the Republican primary against the incumbent, Richard G. Lugar, who was first elected to the Senate in 1976.
Michael Pence, a Republican House member since 2001, won the governor's race, succeeding Mitch Daniels, a Republican who had to step down because of term limits. Mr. Pence's Democratic opponent was John Gregg, a former Indiana House speaker. Mr. Pence is a noted social conservative who has fought to cut funding to Planned Parenthood.
President Obama carried Indiana in 2008 by less than one percentage point, but lost on Tuesday by 10 percentage points.
In a tight Congressional race, Jackie Walorski, a Republican former member of the Indiana House, won the seat that Mr. Donnelly vacated, defeating Brendan Mullen, a businessman and Iraq war veteran.
President Obama narrowly won the six electoral votes in Iowa, one of the most contested states and the place he credited with igniting his unlikely rise to the presidency.
In the House, Representative Steve King, a Tea Party firebrand who was first elected in 2002, held on to his seat, fending off a strong challenge from the Democrat Christie Vilsack, the wife of Tom Vilsack, the United States secretary of agriculture and a former Iowa governor.
Redistricting in the state caused two longtime congressmen to face off against each other in the Third District. In one of the country's hardest-fought races, Representative Tom Latham, a nine-term Republican, defeated Representative Leonard L. Boswell, an eight-term Democratic incumbent.
In a closely watched race, voters retained Justice David Wiggins of the state's Supreme Court.
Critics of Justice Wiggins had hoped to remove him, saying that he and his colleagues abused their power in 2009 when they unanimously struck down Iowa's ban on same-sex marriage. The conservative groups that sought to oust Justice Wiggins tried to replicate a successful effort two years ago to remove three other justices. But they faced a far more forceful campaign by the gay-rights groups and legal organizations that supported him. Those groups called his retention a victory for judicial independence.
In this Republican stronghold, the state's six electoral votes were never seriously in doubt, with Mitt Romney winning by a wide 22-percentage point margin.
Republicans kept all four Congressional seats. Underscoring Kansas's partisan reliability, Representative Kevin Yoder, who in 2010 won what had been a Democratic seat, won re-election without a Democratic challenger despite a scandal.
Republican leaders rebuked Mr. Yoder for having skinny-dipped in the Sea of Galilee during an official trip to Israel last summer with several House Republican freshmen. Mr. Yoder, who had earlier received attention for refusing a drunken-driving test, later apologized for "a momentary lapse in judgment."
Meanwhile, in the Kansas Legislature, Republicans kept control of both houses but that majority pushed further to the right after an election season fraught with conflict between the party's conservative and more moderate factions.
In Kentucky's highest-profile race, Andy Barr, a Republican lawyer, unseated Representative Ben Chandler, a four-term Democrat who is the grandson of a former governor and United States senator. This was a rematch of 2010, when Mr. Chandler narrowly retained his seat.
The race featured nasty sparring and vicious attacks. One advertisement highlighted Mr. Barr's criminal record, which related to his using a fake ID as a teenager. Another ad, from Mr. Barr, described Mr. Chandler as a "lowlife."
Four Republican House incumbents -- Ed Whitfield, Brett Guthrie, Thomas H. Massie and Harold Rogers -- retained their seats, and Congressman John Yarmuth, a Democrat, easily won a fourth term.
Mitt Romney captured the state's eight electoral votes as Kentucky continued its run over the past dozen years as a Republican presidential stronghold.
Two incumbent Republicans, Representatives Charles Boustany Jr. and Jeff Landry, will face each other in a runoff in early December. Neither won more than 50 percent of the vote.
Mr. Boustany, a cardiovascular surgeon seeking a fifth term, is close to House Republican leaders. Mr. Landry, a Tea Party favorite, is seeking a second term. They were put together in the same district after Louisiana lost a House seat after the 2010 census.
Mr. Landry attacked Mr. Boustany as a supporter of President Obama's health care overhaul, even though both candidates have voted many times to repeal it.
Four other House Republicans -- Representatives Rodney Alexander, Bill Cassidy, John Fleming and Steve Scalise -- easily won re-election. The only Democrat in the state's House delegation, Representative Cedric L. Richmond, won a second term in a redrawn district that now stretches from New Orleans into the Baton Rouge area.
The state has not voted for a Democratic presidential candidate since it backed Bill Clinton in 1992 and 1996.
Voters overwhelmingly approved an amendment to the State Constitution expanding the rights of gun owners.
Former Gov. Angus King, an independent, won the Senate seat being vacated by Olympia J. Snowe, a moderate Republican who jolted the political world when she announced she would not seek a fourth term.
But his election left a mystery: Mr. King, a formidable fund-raiser who had the support of Mayor Michael R. Bloomberg of New York, has not said whether he will caucus with the Democrats or Republicans. His opponents were the Democratic nominee, State Senator Cynthia Dill, and Charlie Summers, a Republican who is Maine's secretary of state.
Maine voters also gave the gay-rights movement a major victory when they approved a ballot initiative to legalize same-sex marriage. Fifty-three percent voted to approve. The Legislature passed a law making such unions legal in 2009, but it was repealed at the ballot box that fall.
Chellie Pingree, a Democratic House member, won a third term to represent Maine's First Congressional District, defeating Jon Courtney, a Republican businessman. Mike Michaud, a Democratic five-term incumbent, won in the Second District, beating Kevin Raye, the Republican president of the Maine Senate.
Voters narrowly passed a measure to legalize same-sex marriage, joining Maine as the first states to approve such unions by a popular vote. The measure passed with a four-point margin with 98 percent of the precincts reporting.
Analysts and advocates credit the victory in part to relaxing attitudes toward the issue among black voters, who are one-third of the electorate in the state. Historically, blacks across the nation have been swayed by strong opposition by black religious leaders.
Voters have rejected same-sex marriage in 32 states where the issue was put on the ballot.
In House contests, John Delaney, a Democrat, beat Representative Roscoe G. Bartlett, a Republican, for the seat Mr. Bartlett held for 20 years in the Sixth District, reshaped by the Democrat-led General Assembly last year.
Senator Ben Cardin easily won re-election to a second term, defeating a Republican opponent, Daniel Bongino, a former Secret Service agent who is now a Web design consultant, and two other candidates.
In a state where Democrats outnumber Republicans three to one, Massachusetts was always considered safely in President Obama's column even though Mitt Romney was governor of the state and still lives there. In the end, the president won the state's 11 electoral votes handily.
The real drama in the days leading up to the race was who would win one of the nastier races for the Senate, the fight for the seat formerly held by Edward M. Kennedy.
Scott P. Brown, a moderate Republican who won a special election in 2010 to complete Mr. Kennedy's term after his death, lost that prize on Tuesday to Elizabeth Warren, a Harvard professor who set up the Consumer Financial Protection Bureau in the Obama administration. After the two ran neck and neck for months, Ms. Warren, who raised much more money than Mr. Brown and had a far more elaborate ground organization, pulled ahead late in the campaign.
Democrats won every Congressional seat, including the Fourth District, where Joseph P. Kennedy III, a grandson of Robert F. Kennedy, won the seat vacated by Barney Frank. Mr. Kennedy is the first of his generation in his family to enter Congress.
The only seat in doubt had been the Sixth District, where the incumbent, John F. Tierney, an eight-term Democrat, ultimately (and narrowly) fought off a challenge by Richard Tisei, a former state senator and an openly gay Republican who supports abortion rights.
Voters in Massachusetts also approved an initiatives to eliminate state criminal and civil penalties for the medical use of marijuana. They turned down an initiative to permit doctors to prescribe medicine to end a terminally ill patient's life.
Debbie Stabenow, the state's two-term Democratic senator, easily won re-election, defeating Pete Hoekstra, a Republican House member from 1993 through 2011.
President Obama also won Michigan, a Democratic-leaning state that Republicans had hoped to be able to contest because Mitt Romney was born there and because Mr. Romney's father had served as the state's governor.
Kerry Bentivolio, the Republican candidate and a reindeer farmer, won the House seat vacated by Thaddeus McCotter, a five-term Republican from the Detroit suburbs who resigned after most of the signatures he submitted to get on the primary ballot were found to be fraudulent.
In the First District, Representative Dan Benishek, the Republican incumbent, held a lead of 2,297 votes over Gary McDowell, a Democrat and former state representative.
Voters rejected by a large margin a ballot initiative to enshrine the right to bargain collectively in the State Constitution. Union leaders pushed the measure, which lost 58 percent to 42 percent, with the aim of preventing Michigan's Legislature from curbing government employees' bargaining rights. Voters narrowly approved a union-backed initiative that overturned a law that had allowed the governor to appoint emergency managers for financially distressed communities and school districts. The law gave emergency managers the power to cancel union contracts.
Voters rejected a proposal to require a two-thirds majority in both chambers of the Legislature or a statewide vote to increase taxes.
With President Obama's victory, Democrats have carried the state in the last 10 presidential elections.
Minnesotans voted down a state constitutional amendment that would have limited marriage to a man and a woman. The victory for gay-rights advocates came as voters in Maine and Maryland also approved same-sex marriage initiatives. The count for a similar referendum in Washington State was still incomplete.
Senator Amy Klobuchar, a Democrat, handily won a second term, defeating Kurt P. Bills, a high school economics teacher.
In one of the country's most expensive and highest-profile House races, Representative Michele Bachmann, a former candidate for the Republican presidential nomination, narrowly defeated Jim Graves, a Democrat. Mr. Graves, the founder of the AmericInn hotel chain, had depicted Mrs. Bachmann, an outspoken champion of the Tea Party and a constant cable-television presence, as too preoccupied with her national profile to focus on her constituents.
In an upset, Representative Chip Cravaack, the first-term Republican incumbent, was ousted by Rick Nolan, a Democrat who represented the state as a congressman in the 1970s. The campaign's final weeks featured attack ads suggesting that Mr. Cravaack did not live in Minnesota because his wife and two young sons moved to New Hampshire last year to be closer to her job as a pharmaceutical executive.
Despite the many economic and social conditions in Mississippi that would seem to favor Democrats, the state has voted for Republicans in every presidential race but one, when it went to Jimmy Carter in 1976.
This year was no exception, with Mississippi voters supporting Mitt Romney and Republican candidates in their state overwhelmingly, with one exception: Voters in the Second District sent Bennie Thompson, a Democrat, back to Washington for a 10th term.
Roger Wicker, a Republican who has been Mississippi's junior senator since 2007, when he was appointed to replace Trent Lott, retained his seat. Mr. Wicker spent more than $7 million to defeat a retired Methodist minister and former Green Beret named Albert N. Gore Jr., 82, who ran as a Democrat. The news media had fun with Mr. Gore's name, though no one has established that he is related to the former vice president.
Republicans easily won the First, Third and Fourth Districts, facing weak Democratic challengers, if any.
Senator Claire McCaskill, once regarded as the chamber's most vulnerable incumbent Democrat, won a second term on Tuesday, buoyed by voters concerned about comments made by her Republican opponent, Representative Todd Akin, that women who are victims of "legitimate rape" rarely become pregnant.
Exit polls showed that women outnumbered men at the polls, 55 percent to 45 percent, and favored Ms. McCaskill by an even larger margin in one of the most closely watched and contentious Senate races in the country.
Republican hopes of unseating Ms. McCaskill derailed in August when Mr. Akin's comments squarely positioned abortion as a defining issue in the race.
Analysts had expected Mr. Akin's comments to be particularly costly among Republican women in the more affluent suburbs of St. Louis and Kansas City, who may either have ignored the race altogether or split their ticket. In exit polls, 64 percent of voters said Mr. Akin's comments were either the most important factor or one of several important factors in the race. Nearly a quarter of those voters identified themselves as Republicans.
In the race for the White House, Mitt Romney carried the state. The result was expected given that President Obama, noting Missouri's steady shift to the right, decided not to even contest what was deemed a battleground state just four years ago.
In the governor's race, the incumbent Democrat, Jay Nixon, fended off a well-financed challenge from his Republican opponent, David Spence, a St. Louis businessman, to win re-election.
When he won a Senate seat in 2006, Jon Tester, a Democrat and organic farmer, squeaked past his Republican competitor in this mostly Republican state in one of the closest races in the country. He did it again this year, defeating Denny Rehberg, a Republican who held the state's only House seat.
Mr. Tester is a distinctly Montana brand of Democrat, often at odds with the mainstream of the national party. He is against same-sex marriage and favors strengthening gun rights.
Mr. Rehberg's House seat was won by Steve Daines, a Republican, who easily defeated Kim Gillan, a Democrat.
In the governor's race, the Democrat, Steve Bullock, the state attorney general, eked out a victory over his Republican challenger, Rick Hill, a former congressman.
Voters also approved a ballot measure that would require that the parents of minors seeking abortions be notified before the procedure is performed, and a proposal to deny certain state services to immigrants who are not in this country legally.
Deb Fischer appeared to be the only Republican in the country to win a Senate seat held by a Democrat, easily fighting off a comeback attempt by Bob Kerrey, a former senator and governor.
Democrats had long defied the odds in this conservative state, and had hoped to keep the Senate seat that was left open by the retirement of Ben Nelson. They nominated Mr. Kerrey, a Vietnam War veteran and former presidential candidate and, more recently, president of the New School, a university in New York.
Ms. Fischer, a rancher and state legislator, defeated two better-known, better-financed rivals in the Republican primary. Democratic hopes were lifted by a recent poll showing Mr. Kerrey trailing only narrowly and by a surprise endorsement of him last week by Chuck Hagel, a Republican former senator.
But in the end, it was not close. Ms. Fischer won 58 percent of the vote, while Mitt Romney carried the state with more than 60 percent.
With Ms. Fischer's victory, Republicans will hold every statewide office and all of Nebraska's seats in Congress.
From a distance, it appeared that Nevada could have swung to either presidential candidate. But the Democrats' political machine, which paid careful attention to Hispanic voters and women there, all but guaranteed that the state's six electoral votes would go to President Obama.
That model is likely to be studied by political operatives for the next four years, even though it was not enough to help Shelley Berkley wrest a Senate seat away from Dean Heller, the Republican who was appointed to it after John Ensign resigned during an infidelity scandal last year.
Ms. Berkley, a Democratic representative, had struggled to overcome questions raised by a House ethics investigation into whether she used her office to benefit her husband's business.
Nevada's House incumbents kept their seats in the First, Second and Third Districts. The state gained a new district after the 2010 census and is sending a fourth representative to Congress this year, Steven Horsford, a Democrat. Mr. Horsford is the State Senate majority leader.
A swing state by temperament, New Hampshire firmly backed President Obama on Tuesday despite Mitt Romney's roots in the state, where he has a vacation home. Democrats have now won the state in five out of the last six presidential elections.
Three women -- all Democrats -- won races for governor and the state's two Congressional seats, where two incumbent Republicans lost. Maggie Hassan, a Democrat, beat Ovide Lamontagne, a Republican, to become governor. In the state's Second District, Ann McLane Kuster, a lawyer and a Democrat, defeated Charles Bass, a moderate Republican who bested Ms. Kuster two years ago. Ms. Kuster raised more money in the district, which borders Democratic-leaning Vermont.
In the First District, Representative Frank Guinta was unseated by his predecessor, Carol Shea-Porter, who lost to Mr. Guinta in 2010. This time, Mr. Guinta's voting record in Washington spelled trouble.
The state will soon boast the nation's first all-female Congressional delegation, which already included Senators Jeanne Shaheen, a Democrat, and Kelly Ayotte, a Republican.
In a state President Obama carried easily, Senator Robert Menendez just as easily won a second full term, extending the Democrats' record of not losing a New Jersey Senate race in 40 years.
Reapportionment cost New Jersey one House seat, and it was a Democrat whose district was eliminated. The incumbent party won each of the remaining races, leaving the delegation split, 6 to 6.
The House race that drew the most attention and had the closest outcome was in the Third District, just south of the state's midsection. A first-term Republican incumbent, Jon Runyan, held off a challenge by Shelley Adler, the widow of John Adler, the Democrat Mr. Runyan unseated in 2010.
The victory by Mr. Menendez could mean a continued tense relationship between the Democratic senator and the Republican governor, Chris Christie. The governor, eager to topple an antagonist, promoted the candidacy of his friend and ally State Senator Joe Kyrillos.
But Mr. Menendez won with about 58 percent of the vote, roughly the same as Mr. Obama.
Despite New Jersey's fiscal problems, voters easily approved a measure to borrow up to $750 million to upgrade and expand the state's universities.
With the state recovering from Hurricane Sandy, turnout appeared to be down significantly from 2008. Hundreds of polling places were moved on short notice. The state extended voting until Friday for displaced residents and first responders, allowing them to vote by e-mail or fax.
President Obama easily carried New Mexico, taking its five electoral votes.
Representative Martin Heinrich, a Democrat who has represented the First District in Congress for the last four years, won the Senate seat being vacated by Jeff Bingaman, a five-term Democrat. Mr. Heinrich, a former state environmental official, defeated former Representative Heather A. Wilson, a Republican who worked in George H. W. Bush's administration, and Jon Barrie, an independent.
Ms. Wilson needed to attract independents and crossover Democrats to win in this state, where only one-third of registered voters identify themselves as Republicans.
Michelle Lujan Grisham, a Democrat, won the seat held by Mr. Heinrich in the First Congressional District, in the Albuquerque area. She was previously secretary of the State Department of Aging and Long-Term Services and then the State Health Department.
Representatives Ben Ray Luján, a Democrat, and Steve Pearce, a Republican, won re-election.
President Obama and Senator Kirsten Gillibrand won by historic margins in one of the largest and most reliably Democratic states, and Democrats expanded their lead in the House delegation.
New York was a crucial congressional battleground, with eight close House races. The state lost two seats to reapportionment, but Democrats maintained 21, while the number held by Republicans dropped to six from eight.
Three first-term House members went down to defeat. In the Hudson Valley, Nan Hayworth, a Republican, lost to Sean Patrick Maloney. Ann Marie Buerkle, a Republican in cental New York, lost to former Representative Dan Maffei, the Democrat she unseated two years ago. And in western New York, Kathy Hochul, a Democrat, lost to Chris Collins, a Republican.
Among the incumbents who survived close races was Michael Grimm, a Republican from Staten Island who has been dogged by scandal.
Two State Senate races remained too close to call, with control of the chamber in the balance.
In the aftermath of Hurricane Sandy, turnout appeared to be down, particularly in parts of Long Island and New York City where residents were coping with storm damage, relocated polling places and long lines to vote.
With nearly all precincts counted, President Obama had 63 percent of the vote, one of the highest presidential marks in state history. Ms. Gillibrand won her first full term with 72 percent, a record for any statewide race.
Of the 11 races for governor this year, the contest in North Carolina was among the most fiercely fought. Pat McCrory, a Republican and the former mayor of Charlotte, won it easily, ending two decades of Democratic control.
President Obama failed to replicate his 2008 win in the state, which became the only swing state to hand its electoral votes to Mitt Romney.
The Republicans also picked up at least three House seats in North Carolina, thanks to redistricting that altered constituencies so significantly that some incumbents simply walked away and others were all but forced to disavow the Democratic Party to have any hope of winning re-election.
Empty seats in Districts 11 and 13 that had been held by Democrats were picked up by two Republicans: Mark Meadows, a real estate developer, and George E. B. Holding, a United States attorney.
In the Seventh District, Larry Kissell, a Democrat, lost his bid for a third term Richard Hudson, a Republican. In the Eighth District, Mike McIntyre, a Democrat, was heading for a recount with just a few hundred votes separating him from David Rouzer, the Republican challenger.
In one of the most solidly Republican states, Heidi Heitkamp, a Democrat, won a surprising victory in a Senate race, defeating Rick Berg, a Republican who narrowly won a Congressional seat two years ago.
The seat was being vacated by Kent Conrad, a Democrat whose announcement that he would not to run for re-election provoked assumptions that the seat would be easily won by Republicans. But Ms. Heitkamp, a former state attorney general who connected well with voters, ended up winning by nearly 3,000 votes, or 1 percentage point.
Republicans retained the state's lone seat in the House of Representatives, with Kevin Cramer trumping Pam Gulleson, a Democrat.
In the end, the $85 billion auto bailout may have been the most influential money spent in the 2012 election. Exit polls in Ohio showed strong support for the president's program to support the auto industry, and voters turned out in droves to thank him for it.
They also helped the Democrats retain their hold on the Senate, voting to keep Sherrod Brown, a true-blue Democrat, in his seat despite a bruising, expensive fight with the Republican state treasurer, Josh Mandel.
The loss of two House seats after the 2010 census and redistricting favored Republicans in the House races.
In the hotly contest 16th District, two sitting House members, James B. Renacci, a Republican, and Betty Sutton, a Democrat, were forced to square off in an expensive race that Mr. Renacci ultimately won.
Bob Gibbs, a Republican who will lose his seat in the 18th District to redistricting, won the seat in the Seventh District that was left empty when Representative Steve Austria was cut out of it by the shift in district lines.
Similarly, Representative Bill Johnson held on to his seat in the Sixth District despite messy revelations from divorce proceedings in 1990 that the Democratic Congressional Campaign Committee thought made the district one of those most likely to swing in the party's favor this year.
Samuel Wurzelbacher, better known as Joe the Plumber, the outspoken citizen who was embraced by John McCain and Sarah Palin during the 2008 presidential campaign, lost his bid for a House seat to Representative Marcy Kaptur, a Democrat, who will start her 16th term in January.
Oklahoma is a very red state.
It delivered its seven electoral votes to Mitt Romney and will be sending Republicans to the House of Representatives in all five of its districts.
The Congressional delegation will include one newcomer, Markwayne Mullin, a Republican businessman, who defeated Rob Wallace, a Democrat who has been a state and federal prosecutor. They were competing for the seat now held by a Democrat, Representative Dan Boren, who announced last year that he would not run again in the Second Congressional District in eastern Oklahoma.
Voters also approved a proposed constitutional amendment that would outlaw affirmative action in state decisions on hiring and contracts.
Democratic presidential candidates carried Oregon in the last seven elections, and President Obama easily won the state's seven electoral votes.
Incumbents retained Oregon's five Congressional seats, with four in the Democrats' column and one in Republican hands.
Democrats also took control of both chambers of the Legislature, retaining a 16-to-14 edge in the Senate and taking a 34-to-26 edge in the House of Representatives, compared with the 30 seats each party has now. Gov. John A. Kitzhaber is also a Democrat.
Among the measures on the ballot, voters rejected an initiative to allow individuals to grow marijuana without a license and to establish a commission to regulate its commercial cultivation and sale. Supporters claimed those measures could raise tens of millions of dollars in taxes and reduce law-enforcement costs. Voters in Colorado and Washington approved similar laws.
An initiative that would have prohibited new real estate transfer taxes was approved.
President Obama carried the state, and another incumbent Democrat, Senator Bob Casey, survived a late charge from his Republican challenger, Tim Smith, in a bitterly fought race that polls showed narrowing in the final month.
Democrats had reason to worry. Pennsylvania had voted Democratic in the last five presidential elections. But the 2010 midterm elections -- when Republicans won the governorship, picked up a Senate seat and gained five seats in the House of Representatives -- jolted the old order.
Mr. Smith, a former owner of a coal mine, spent millions of his own fortune on ads depicting Mr. Casey as "Senator Zero," because none of the 300-some bills he had proposed were enacted. Mr. Casey fired back, painting Mr. Smith as a Tea Party extremist.
In the race for state attorney general, Kathleen Kane, the Democrat, defeated David Freed, a Republican, an outcome that could add a new chapter to the sexual abuse scandal surrounding Penn State. Ms. Kane promised that if elected, she would investigate Gov. Tom Corbett's handling of child-molesting accusations against Jerry Sandusky, the former Penn State assistant football coach.
Democrats have accused Mr. Corbett, a Republican, of slowing the investigation while he was attorney general to avoid alienating Penn State alumni during his 2010 campaign for governor. Mr. Corbett has denied the accusations.
In one of the most reliably Democratic states in the nation, Representative David Cicilline, a freshman Democrat, won an unexpectedly closely contested race in the First District, defeating the Republican, Brendan Doherty, a former state police official.
Republicans saw the contest as an opportunity to pick up a seat in a state that President Obama won easily, and they poured money into the race in the final weeks of the campaign.
Two other Democrats, Senator Sheldon Whitehouse and Representative Jim Langevin, prevailed by large margins. Mr. Whitehouse won a second term in the Senate over Barry Hinckley, a Republican businessman. Mr. Langevin won a seventh term in the House, coasting to victory over Michael Riley, a Republican investment adviser.
South Carolina is reliably Republican, and its residents voted true to form, giving Mitt Romney nearly 55 percent of the vote. Four of the state's House members, Jeff Duncan, Tim Scott, Mick Mulvaney and Trey Gowdy, were freshmen Republicans, and all of them easily won re-election. Joe Wilson, a six-term Republican representative, ran unopposed.
A new Congressional district was captured by the Republican candidate, Tom Rice, an accountant who is chairman of the Horry County Council. His Democratic opponent was Gloria Bromell Tinubu, an economist.
South Carolina's only Democratic House member, James E. Clyburn, who has served since 1993, also won. Mr. Clyburn, a leader of the Congressional Black Caucus, faced a Green Party challenger but no Republican challenger.
Much of the attention in South Dakota was focused on ballot measures addressing some of the same questions debated around the country -- taxes, school reform and government spending.
Mitt Romney won handily here, taking 58 percent of the vote, which was no surprise in a heavily Republican state that was not really contested by either side. Kristi Noem, a Republican who narrowly won South Dakota's only seat in the House of Representatives two years ago, won a second term.
Voters rejected by two to one an education-overhaul plan supported by Gov. Dennis Daugaard, a Republican, and opposed by the teachers' union. It would have created a system for evaluating teachers and principals, awarded bonuses to teachers who were judged to be high performing, allowed school districts to end tenure for teachers and offered financial incentives to people to teach subjects in which teachers are in short supply. Voters also soundly defeated a proposed sales tax increase to support schools and Medicaid. And in a victory for Mr. Daugaard, they approved a constitutional amendment requiring the state to balance its budget.
Tennessee Democrats had little to celebrate on Tuesday. As expected, Mitt Romney claimed the state's 11 electoral votes, while Senator Bob Corker, a Republican, trounced the Democratic challenger, Mark Clayton.
Republicans also managed to hold onto the Tea Party-infused gains they made in 2010 in the House of Representatives and the State Capitol.
Two Democrats, Jim Cooper of the Fifth District and Steve Cohen of the Ninth District, won re-election.
The race that generated the most excitement was in the Fourth District, where Representative Scott DesJarlais, a staunchly conservative doctor who opposes abortion, was caught up in a late-breaking scandal. In October, a transcript of a phone call between Mr. DesJarlais and a patient with whom he had an affair while he was married appeared to show that he had pressured the woman to have an abortion.
After the revelation, the state's largest and most senior conservative group, the Tennessee Conservative Union, called for Mr. DesJarlais to resign. And Citizens for Responsibility and Ethics in Washington, a watchdog group, filed a complaint saying that the congressman had violated Tennessee law by having sex with a patient.
But his long-shot Democratic competitor, State Senator Eric Stewart, was unable to turn the affair to his advantage, despite late polling that injected optimism into his campaign headquarters, and Mr. DesJarlais coasted to victory.
Ted Cruz, a Tea Party favorite, won a seat in the United States Senate. Mr. Cruz, the state's former solicitor general, defeated the Democratic candidate, Paul Sadler, a former state representative, for the seat held by Kay Bailey Hutchison, who is retiring. A tougher battle for Mr. Cruz was in the primary, when he defeated David Dewhurst, the lieutenant governor and the choice of Gov. Rick Perry.
Mr. Perry ran unsuccessfully for president this year and was not up for re-election for the governor's post.
Some questions remain. Will there be consequences for Mr. Perry after his defeat in the presidential primaries? His influence over the Legislature has been strong, but he may meet with resistance if lawmakers sense any political weakness. According to The Texas Tribune, based on unofficial results reported by the Texas secretary of state's office, the new Legislature will not hold a supermajority. The current House has 102 Republicans and 48 Democrats; the new one, which will begin its session in January, will have 95 Republicans and 55 Democrats.
In one of the most closely watched races, Nick Lampson lost his bid to return to Congress. He has had an up-and-down career: He was a congressman until redistricting forced him out in 2004. He went on to win the Houston-area seat vacated by Tom DeLay in 2006 but was defeated after a single term. On Tuesday he lost to Randy Weber, a Republican.
Democrats accused officials in Galveston County of mismanaging the election, after numerous polling sites experienced delays in opening. A judge issued an order extending voting by two hours Tuesday night in response to the delays.
Many of the problems stemmed from the failure of poll workers known as election judges to allow enough time to set up electronic voting machines and from the preparation of the machines taking longer than anticipated, county officials said.
Lloyd Criss, chairman of the county's Democratic Party, said he was considering filing a lawsuit against the county clerk, Dwight D. Sullivan.
Representative Jim Matheson, a Democrat, won by the slightest of margins in Utah's new Fourth District, defeating Mia Love, who would have become the first black person to represent Utah in a national office and the first black female Republican in the House.
With 100 percent of precincts reporting, Mr. Matheson held a 2,646-vote lead with provisional and mail-in ballots yet to be counted. But Ms. Love, a Brooklyn-born Mormon convert of Haitian descent who catapulted herself onto the national stage with her unyielding criticism of President Obama, conceded defeat.
"It was a close race, but ultimately the voters of Utah have spoken," The Salt Lake Tribune quoted Ms. Love as saying.
Mr. Matheson, a fellow Mormon, was a popular six-term Democrat in Utah's Second District. But he decided to run in the Fourth District after the Republican-controlled Legislature redrew the state's Congressional boundaries last year, diluting his support base. Polls showed him and Ms. Love, the mayor of Saratoga Springs, a small farming community 35 miles south of Salt Lake City, neck and neck late in the race as both Tea Party members and mainstream conservatives rallied behind her.
The hotly contested race drew plenty of outside money for both candidates.
Senator Orrin G. Hatch, a Republican, was elected to a seventh term, making him the most senior Republican in the Senate.
Vermont, a steadily blue state, gave its three electoral votes to President Obama, with voters choosing Mr. Obama over Mitt Romney by a margin of more than two to one.
The state's voters also re-elected Bernie Sanders, an independent, to the United States Senate, almost three to one over the Republican candidate, John MacGovern.
Gov. Peter Shumlin, a Democrat, defeated Randy Brock for re-election. Representative Peter Welch, a Democrat, also was re-elected.
There were no ballot measures before Vermont voters this year.
Tim Kaine, a former governor and a former chairman of the Democratic National Committee, was elected to the United States Senate on Tuesday, denying a bid by George Allen, a former senator, to regain the seat he lost in 2006.
Virginia is historically very conservative, but the northern suburbs near Washington, where many government workers live, have bolstered Democrats' numbers. They did that again on Tuesday night when President Obama pushed past Mitt Romney to carry the state, as he did in 2008.
Both the Senate race and the presidential race were tight to the end, but in the final count, Mr. Kaine led by almost five percentage points over Mr. Allen, and Mr. Obama led by three percentage points over Mr. Romney.
Six in 10 voters surveyed as they left the polls said the economy was the most important issue facing the country, with health care and foreign policy far behind. Forty percent of those polled said unemployment was the biggest economic problem facing people like them, followed by rising prices.
Virginia voters were split on taxes and on whether the Obama health care plan should be repealed. Washington
Washington voters legalized marijuana for people over 21. The ballot initiative legalizes the drug not only for those who need it for medical reasons, but also for those who want to use it recreationally.
The new law, which may face a challenge from the federal authorities that continue to classify marijuana as an illegal drug, limits how much of the drug's component chemical, THC, a person may have in the blood in order to drive legally.
A referendum to legalize same-sex marriage also passed, with 51.8 percent of the vote. Gov. Christine O. Gregoire, a Democrat, signed same-sex marriage into law last winter, but it was not enforced after opponents, backed by nearly 250,000 signatures, submitted petitions for a referendum.
The marriage proposition had become a top talking point among those seeking to replace Ms. Gregoire, who is retiring. Former Representative Jay Inslee, a Democrat, supports same-sex marriage, while his competitor, Rob McKenna, the state attorney general and a Republican, is opposed.
By Wednesday afternoon, Mr. Inslee was ahead of Mr. McKenna with about half of precincts reporting.
Huge numbers of West Virginians split their ballots, handing Mitt Romney the state's five electoral votes, and re-electing Senator Joe Manchin III and Gov. Earl Ray Tomblin, both Democrats.
Mr. Romney's victory there was no surprise. He held a double-digit lead in the polls going into Tuesday.
But Mr. Manchin's and Mr. Tomblin's races were tighter. Tuesday's results suggested that both incumbents catered just enough to Republicans' concerns to persuade them to keep the Democrats in office.
Mr. Tomblin, a former State Senate president who won office last year in a special election, faced Bill Maloney, a Republican and a former drilling company owner.
In the Senate race, Mr. Manchin, a former governor, beat John Raese, a Republican businessman, in a reprise of the 2010 special election to fill the seat held for a half-century by Senator Robert C. Byrd, who died that year.
If there was an election night outcome that was all but certain, it was that Representative Paul D. Ryan stood a good chance of remaining in Washington. The vice-presidential candidate would have done so if Mitt Romney had been elected president. But if the Republican presidential ticket lost -- as it ultimately did -- Mr. Ryan knew he would probably retain his seat representing the state's First Congressional District. He won re-election handily on Tuesday.
Despite Mr. Ryan's Wisconsin pedigree, President Obama won the state by nearly six percentage points, thanks, at least in part, to support from labor unions and voters who approved of the auto industry bailout. A majority of voters in exit polls also blamed President George W. Bush, not Mr. Obama, for the economy's problems.
Mr. Obama's victory helped Tammy Baldwin win the Senate seat vacated by Herb Kohl, a four-term Democrat. Ms. Baldwin, a Democratic representative, beat Tommy Thompson, a former Republican governor and a secretary of health and human services under President Bush. Ms. Baldwin will become the first openly gay member of the Senate.
Of Wisconsin's eight Congressional races, three were safely retained by Democrats and three by Republicans, including Mr. Ryan.
The Seventh District seat, once held by David R. Obey, the senior Democrat, was won by the Republican incumbent, Sean P. Duffy, who has served in the House since 2010. Mr. Duffy, who appeared on MTV's "The Real World," faced former State Senator Pat Kreitlow, a onetime television anchor. Redistricting made the district more Republican.
Wyoming is so reliably Republican that its three electoral votes were scarcely in doubt.
Mitt Romney carried the state, as did the Republican candidate for United States Senate, John Barrasso, and the Republican who held the state's Congressional seat, Cynthia Lummis.
This will be Mr. Barrasso's first full term; he was appointed by the governor to fill the seat of Senator Craig Thomas, who died of leukemia in 2007, and elected the next year to finish the final four years of Mr. Thomas's term.
Voters overwhelmingly approved a constitutional amendment that would block any government action that would force the state's residents to buy health insurance -- a law intended to allow the state to come up with alternatives to the Obama administration's Affordable Care Act. They also voted to place a "personal right" to hunt in the State Constitution.
These articles were reported and written by Ken Belson, Patricia Cohen, Steven Greenhouse, Peter Lattman, Ian Lovett, Robert Pear, Richard Peréz-Peña, Ray Rivera, John Schwartz and Stephanie Strom.
Correction: November 8, 2012, Thursday
This article has been revised to reflect the following correction: A brief article in the State by State roundup on Wednesday about the Massachusetts election results misstated the relationship between Robert F. Kennedy and Joe Kennedy III, who won a congressional seat. Joe Kennedy is the late senator's grandson, not his great-grandson.
Correction: November 9, 2012, Friday
This article has been revised to reflect the following correction: A report in the State by State roundup on Thursday about election results in Massachusetts misstated the outcome of a vote on an initiative to permit doctors to prescribe medicine to end a terminally ill patient's life. The measure was rejected, not approved.
Correction: November 9, 2012, Friday
This article has been revised to reflect the following correction: A report in the State by State roundup on Thursday about election results in Nevada misidentified the political party of Dean Heller, who won the Senate seat he had been appointed to after John Ensign resigned during an infidelity scandal last year. Mr. Heller is a Republican, not a Democrat. (Shelley Berkley was his Democratic opponent.)
Correction: November 9, 2012, Friday
This article has been revised to reflect the following correction: A report in the State by State roundup on Thursday about election results in Oregon misstated the outcome of a vote on an initiative that will prohibit new real estate transfer taxes. It was approved, not rejected.nation
This article originally appeared in The New York Times.