WASHINGTON — Online insurance marketplaces created under President Barack Obama's signature health care law are struggling to verify whether Americans who applied for government subsidies to purchase health insurance are actually qualified to receive them, a federal watchdog agency said Tuesday.
The Department of Health and Human Services Office of the Inspector General said in two reports that some “internal controls” were ineffective in verifying eligibility at the marketplaces run by the federal government, California, Connecticut and some other states.
Applicants for subsidies must enter income data, Social Security numbers and other information into the online systems. The maximum household income allowed for a subsidy is four times the federal poverty level, or about $94,200 for a family of four.
“The deficiencies in internal controls that we identified may have limited the marketplaces’ ability to prevent the use of inaccurate or fraudulent information when determining eligibility of applicants for enrollment in qualified health plans,” the inspector general said.
The reports mark the second potential setback in two days to the 2010 health care law. The U.S. Supreme Court on Monday limited its mandate to provide universal contraception coverage for women. The court ruled 5-4 that owners of private companies can object on religious grounds to an Affordable Care Act provision that requires them to provide insurance covering certain kinds of birth control.
The department inspector general’s findings, dismissed by the White House as based on “outdated information,” prompted fresh complaints from Republicans in Congress.
“When Obamacare was passed, its chief architects told us they would have to pass the bill to find out what was in it,” said Utah Sen. Orrin Hatch, the Finance Committee’s top Republican. “Today’s report confirms what we knew was not included: safeguards to protect hard-earned taxpayer dollars from an incompetent bureaucracy.”
The California marketplace had difficulties verifying citizenship and lawful presence, while the federal marketplace had difficulty verifying Social Security numbers, the inspector general said.
A companion report found that the federal and some state insurance marketplaces could not, in their early months of operation, resolve most inconsistencies between applicants’ self-supplied information and data received through other federal sources, most commonly citizenship and income levels. The federal marketplace was unable to resolve 2.6 million of 2.9 million inconsistencies as of the first quarter of 2014, because of systems not fully operational from October through December last year.