Where our immigrants came from

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In 1910, toward the end of a large wave of immigrants coming to America during the Industrial Age, Allegheny County contained the second largest foreign-born population in Pennsylvania, second only to Philadelphia County, which had 382,578 foreign-born residents.

In that year, a quarter of Allegheny County's population were immigrants. Of the 1,018,463 people here, 271,350 were foreign-born. The same ratio was true for Pittsburgh, too, where of the 533,905 total population, 140,924 were immigrants.

Allegheny County residents came from the following countries:

Austria * .................. 53,590
Belgium ..................... 1,032
Canada ...................... 2,861
Denmark ....................... 210
England .................... 19,935

Finland ....................... 373
France ...................... 2,052
Germany .................... 49,113
Greece ...................... 1,353
Holland ....................... 286

Hungary * .................. 25,758
Ireland .................... 26,721
Italy ...................... 26,914
Norway ........................ 245
Romania ..................... 1,994

Russia ..................... 39,066
Scotland .................... 7,904
Sweden ...................... 4,279
Switzerland ................. 1,784
Turkey ** ..................... 824
Wales ....................... 3,925

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  Other foreign countries ... 1,131

* -- Many nationalities got lost in the 14th Census of the United States. Carpatho-Rusyns, Croatians, Czechs, Serbians, Slovenians and Slovaks were often lumped under the categories of Austrians or Hungarian because the Austro-Hungarian Empire encompassed those regions.

** -- The chart refers to present-day Turkey. The country was not founded until 1923.

Source: U.S. Census figures, provided by Nicholas P. Ciotola, a curator at the Heinz History Center


Correction/Clarification: (Published July 26, 2008) This chart as originally published July 23, 2008 as part of a story on the origin of immigrants in Pittsburgh in 1910 should have noted that those who came from Turkey actually came from what is present-day Turkey. Turkey was not founded as a country until 1923.


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