Inside out: History runs deep in Ligonier, to 1758. The flag of Britain’s King George was flying over the post at Loyalhanna on Nov. 12, when Col. George Washington led a detachment of 500 soldiers out into the field. Thirty-eight men died from friendly fire by troops under Col. George Mercer at what became Fort Ligonier. Today, the fort features artifacts and history from the French and Indian War.
The 5-square-mile borough has just 1,540 residents, who enjoy Idlewild Park and Seven Springs Mountain Resort. In the summertime, locals flock to the Ligonier Market and the Diamond in the center of town for free concerts.
The town is still strongly associated with the Mellon family, which still owns considerable tracts of land. Unspoiled by development, the area is beautiful in all four seasons.
Schools: Ligonier Valley (www.lvsd.k12.pa.us)
Enrollment: 2,700; grades 10-12 can attend the Eastern Westmoreland Career and Technology Center in Derry, which provides education in health care, culinary, construction and digital media.
Average SAT scores: Reading, 531; Math 549; Writing, 496
Taxes for 215 W. Church St., Unit 3: $8,120.62
Borough: $1,607.20 (23.5 mills)
School: $5,136.48 (75 mills)
County: $1,376.94 (20.99 mills)
Earned income tax: 1 percent