SEATTLE -- A day after being sued by gay, legally married engineers, the nation's largest freight rail carriers announced they will provide health care benefits to the same-sex spouses of their employees.
The National Railway Labor Conference, which represents the railroad companies in dealings with labor groups, lawmakers and courts, issued a statement last week via Gus Melonas, a spokesman for BNSF Railway Co.
Same-sex spouses will be eligible for dependent health care coverage starting Jan. 1, the statement said. The conference represents units of Norfolk Southern Corp., Union Pacific Corp., CSX Corp. and Berkshire Hathaway Inc.'s BNSF, among others.
"While this it is not a benefit required by law or under current collective bargaining agreements, the railroads agreed with labor to provide the benefit in light of recent changes allowing same-sex couples to access same federal tax benefits provided to other married couples," the conference said.
Two BNSF engineers in Washington state, one man and one woman, sued the company Tuesday over its refusal to provide benefits to their spouses. The federal lawsuit, which alleges violations of the federal Equal Pay Act, seeks class-action status on behalf of any other BNSF employees who may have been denied benefits for their same-sex spouses in a legally recognized marriage.
It says the same-sex spouses have been denied benefits provided routinely to those of the opposite sex.
A lawyer for the couples, Cleveland Stockmeyer, disagreed with the conference's statement that benefits for same-sex spouses aren't required by law or by collective bargaining. The company's health plan describes eligible dependents as "your husband or wife," without excluding same-sex spouses, he argued.
Mr. Stockmeyer said the railroads' decision is a good first step but would only partially resolve the lawsuit. The couples still need to be compensated for the financial and emotional drain of spending months without the benefits as they fought BNSF to have the spouses added, he said.
"It shouldn't take a federal lawsuit to make a national company do the right thing," he said. "If they tell me or my clients the benefits will be offered, and if they actually do it, we'll believe it. But they still need to account for denying them benefits for one year."
The rail conference represents the largest freight carriers in the nation, as well as some smaller railroads. Its statement said employees would receive more information about the same-sex spouse health benefits in the coming weeks.
The industry spends more than $2 billion a year on health care benefits for rail employees, the statement said.